Ministerial Conference, New Delhi, April 1997
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|A: Middle East
Syrian Golan, The Peace Process)
||(Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus, Security & Cooperation in the Mediterranean)
Libya, Western Sahara, Sierra Leone, Liberia,
Angola, Mayotte, Chagos Archipelago, Situation: Great Lakes Region)
||(Situation: Iraq & Kuwait, Turkey-Iraq, Korean Peninsula, Afghanistan, South-East Asia)
|E. Latin America & the Caribbean
||(Association of Caribbean States, Haiti, Cuba, Guatemala, Panama, Guyana-Venezuela Controversy, Central American Integration System (SICA))
- Recalling the Cartagena Declaration, the Ministers reaffirmed their
full support for the legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people to secure their
inalienable rights, including the right to return to their homes and property and to
self-determination and the establishment of their independent State on their national
soil. They reiterated their demand for the withdrawal of Israel from all Palestinian and
other Arab lands, including Jerusalem, occupied since 1967. The Ministers reaffirmed all
Security Council and General Assembly resolutions relating to Jerusalem as an integral
part of the occupied Palestinian territories and demanded their implementation, especially
Security Council resolutions No 252 (1968), 465 (1980), 478 (1980), 1073 (1996) and
General Assembly resolution 223/51, and considered the Israeli measures aimed at altering
the legal, geographic and demographic character of Jerusalem and other actions, contrary
to these resolutions, as null and void.
- The Ministers welcomed the elections, last year, in the West Bank and
Gaza and the ensuing constitution of the Palestine Legislative Council in January 1996 and
President Arafat's assumption of the office of President the Palestinian National
Authority. The Ministers called upon States to support the efforts of the Palestinian
people and the P.N.A. to rebuild their economy and national institutions.
- They considered the persistence of the Government of Israel in its
policies of establishing and enlarging existing Jewish settlements in the occupied
Palestinian territory, particularly in and around Jerusalem, such as the recent decision
to confiscate Palestinian land and establish a Jewish settlement in Jabal Abu Ghnaim, as
illegal and constituting a violation of the relevant international resolutions and a
breach of contractual binding agreements, commitments and guarantees between the parties
concerned. They, furthermore, considered that such violations by Israel constitute a
threat to peace and to the ongoing peace process in the Middle East. They recalled that
the current peace process is based on the principles and terms of reference of the Madrid
Conference of 1991, namely; the implementation of UN Security Council resolutions 242 and
338 and the principle of "land for peace". While they supported the ongoing
peace process, they expressed their grave concern that the Government of Israel has failed
to abide by its obligations and its commitments to implement the terms of the agreements
on the agreed scheduled time, and that Israel has failed to respect and carry out the
relevant decisions of the Security Council.
- The Ministers recalled that the UN Security Council, because of the
lack of unanimity of the permanent members, has failed to exercise its responsibility for
the maintenance of international peace and security. They recalled that the purpose of the
United Nations is, inter alia, to take effective collective measures for the prevention
and removal of threats to peace. They decided to call for an emergency special session of
the UN General Assembly to consider the situation in the occupied Palestinian territory
including Jerusalem, with a view to making appropriate recommendation to members for
collective measures as prescribed in UN General Assembly resolution 377 (V) of 3 November
- They requested the UN Secretary-General to take the necessary steps
to convene such an Emergency Special Session. They decided to communicate to the UN
Secretary-General their concurrence to convene such an Emergency Special Session.
- The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to respect and ensure
respect for international humanitarian law in all circumstances. In this context they
affirmed their obligation to ensure respect by Israel, the occupying Power, for the Fourth
Geneva Convention of 1949 relative to the Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,
occupied by Israel since 1967.
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- The Ministers expressed full support and respect for the
independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Lebanon. They expressed again their
condemnation of the continued occupation by Israel of parts of South Lebanon and the
Western Bekaa, and reaffirmed their full support for Lebanon's efforts directed towards
the liberation of these territories. They expressed their deep concern with regard to the
repeated Israeli aggressions against Lebanon and its citizens, as well as the hardships
and sufferings inflicted on Lebanese citizens detained in Israel's jails and prison camps.
They reaffirmed the need for a speedy and unconditional implementation of Security Council
resolution 425 (1978) as a prerequisite for peace and security in the region, and for the
release of all Lebanese detainees held by Israel.
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- The Ministers affirmed that all measures and actions taken, or to be
taken by Israel, the occupying power, such as its decision of 14 December 1981, that
purport to alter the status of the occupied Syrian Golan,, are null and void; constitute a
flagrant violation of international law, the fourth Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949
and the United Nations resolutions, and have no legal effect. They called upon Israel to
comply with Security Council resolution 497 (1981) and to fully withdraw from the occupied
Syrian Golan, to the lines of 4 June 1967, in implementation of Security Council
resolutions 242 and 338.
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The Peace Process
- The Ministers affirmed their support for the Middle East peace
process, and the implementation of all agreements signed within its framework between the
concerned parties, as well as the commitments and pledges made in accordance with the
basis and terms of reference of the Madrid Conference, and United Nations resolutions, in
particular Security Council resolutions 242, 338 and 425 and the principle of "land
for peace", which guarantees Israel's total withdrawal from all occupied Palestine
and the Arab territories to the lines of 4 June 1967, including the city of Jerusalem, the
Syrian Golan, as well as the south of Lebanon and the Western Bekaa, occupied since 14
March 1978; they called upon Israel to reaffirm its adherence to its commitments given
during the negotiations, and resume the talks on the Syrian track from the point they
stopped at. They also called for the restoration of the inalienable rights of the
Palestinian people; including their right to return, to self-determination, and to the
establishment of their independent State on their national soil, with Jerusalem as its
- The Ministers considered the Israeli persistence in its settlement
policies in Jerusalem and the test of the occupied Palestinian and Arab territories, to be
inconsistent with all international treaties, conventions and resolutions, particularly
the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and to constitute a serious threat to the peace
- The Ministers noted with appreciation the commendable efforts exerted
by the Syrian and Lebanese Governments, in order to open up possibilities for achieving
progress in their full commitments to peace in the Middle East, and to resume the talks
from the point they stopped at; and demanded that Israel totally withdraw from the
occupied Syrian Golan and Lebanese territories, in implementation of relevant Security
Council resolutions, and in accordance with international law, and the principle of
inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force.
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- The Ministers condemned the acts of aggression, genocide and ethnic
cleansing against the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina and its population. They called for
the full and comprehensive implementation of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in
Bosnia-Herzegovina. In this context, they stressed the importance of cooperation and
compliance with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia,
establishment of the necessary conditions for the voluntary return of refugees and
displaced persons, and the establishment of the common institutions for the maintenance of
peace and stability in the region. They further stressed that individual responsibility
for the perpetration of crimes against humanity and other serious violations of
humanitarian law should be established, and that all indictees must be handed over to the
Tribunal. They called on the parties to establish the necessary conditions for the holding
of free, fair and democratic elections in September 1997.
- The Ministers emphasised the need for the Security Council to ensure
full implementation of all its resolutions and decisions relating to Bosnia-Herzegovina.
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- The Ministers reaffirmed all previous positions and declarations of
the Non-Aligned Movement on the question of Cyprus and expressed deep concern over the
fact that no progress has been achieved in the search for a just and viable solution. They
reiterated their support for the sovereignty, unity, independence and territorial
integrity of the Republic of Cyprus, and their solidarity with the people and the
Government of Cyprus. They called once again for the withdrawal of all occupation forces
and settlers, the return of the refugees to their homes in conditions of safety, and the
accounting for those missing. Reiterating their position that the present status quo in
Cyprus, created and maintained by the use of force, is unacceptable, they stressed the
need for securing compliance with and implementation of all UN resolutions and to that end
for the Security Council to take resolute action and measures, including the holding of an
international conference and the demilitarization of Cyprus, proposed by the President of
Cyprus. Furthermore, expressing their concern at the continuing lack of political will on
the part of the Turkish side, as confirmed by the report of the United Nations
Secretary-General (document S/1994/629, dated 30 May 1994), they reaffirmed their support
for the United Nations Secretary-General's efforts for a just and workable solution, as
provided in paragraph 2 of Security Council resolution 939 (1994) and decided to request
the contact group of Non-Aligned countries to actively follow and support such efforts.
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Security and Cooperation in
- The Ministers reviewed the developments that occurred in the
Mediterranean region since the Cartagena Summit. They reaffirmed their determination to
intensify the process of dialogue and consultations in the promotion of comprehensive and
equitable cooperation in the region in resolving the problems existing in the
Mediterranean region, in the elimination of the cause of tension and the consequent threat
to peace and security. The Ministers stressed that respect for the right to
self-determination, elimination of foreign occupation and foreign bases, non-interference
in the internal affairs and respect for the sovereignty of States are prerequisites for
the establishment of peace and stability in the Mediterranean region.
- The Ministers welcomed the various initiatives advanced to promote
Mediterranean cooperation and security as reflected in the relevant paragraphs of the
Final Document of Cartagena in welcoming the decision taken by the IPU Second Conference
on Security and Co-operation in the Mediterranean to set up an Association of
Mediterranean States, the Ministers stated the conviction that Parliaments should be
actively involved in bringing the peoples of the Mediterranean region closer together.
- The Ministers took note of the ongoing Euro- Mediterranean process
and welcomed the decision by the Barcelona Committee to hold their next meeting of the
Euro-Mediterranean Foreign Ministers in Malta on 15th and 16th April 1997. In this regard,
the Ministers recognised that prospects for a closer Euro-Mediterranean partnership in all
spheres would enhance such a process and would benefit from the participation of all the
Mediterranean States in strengthening cooperation in the region.
- The Ministers commended the efforts of the Non-Aligned Mediterranean
countries in meeting the emerging multiple challenges heightened by terrorist activities
and organized criminal activity, including drug trafficking, money laundering and illegal
migration, which are posing a serious threat to security and stability in the region. In
this context, the Ministers committed themselves to strengthen further their cooperation
with a view to eliminating these threats and thus enhancing the current political,
economic and social situation in the Mediterranean region.
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- On the situation in Burundi, the Ministers welcomed the proposed
regional summit to be held at Arusha on 16 April 1997 as expressed by the Conference of
Heads of State and Government of the Central Organ for Conflict Prevention, Management and
Resolution of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) held at Lomé on 26 and 27 March
- The Ministers expressed deep concern over the lack of a lasting
solution to the political crisis in Somalia. They welcomed the recent developments in
particular the conclusion of the Sodere (Ethiopia) Agreement of 3 January 1997 and the
establishment of a National Salvation Council as an encouraging step towards peace and
national reconciliation in the country. The Ministers emphasised the importance of
achieving an all-inclusive political settlement of the conflict in Somalia. They called on
all Somali, movements to join hands to find a genuine and lasting solution to the problem
that has crippled the country and caused hardship to the people, and to implement all
agreements reached so far. The Ministers noted with appreciation the efforts of the
Organization of African Unity, in particular of the countries of IGAD (Inter-Governmental
Authority for Development), in the search for peace and stability in Somalia. They also
noted with appreciation the efforts of the League of Arab States towards Somali national
- They noted the important role of the United Nations. the League of
Arab States and the Organization of the Islamic Conference in the efforts to assist the
Somali people in restoring peace, stability and national reconciliation, and called upon
these organizations to closely coordinate their efforts with those of the OAU and IGAD.
- They appealed to the international community to provide humanitarian
aid as well as assistance for the reconstruction of Somalia in a well-calibrated manner
and with the goal of advancing the peace process and strengthening constituencies for
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- The Ministers confirmed the position of the Movement as contained in
paragraph 163 of the final document of the Eleventh Summit in Cartagena. They expressed
concern at the non-acceptance by the three Western countries of the appeals of regional
and international organizations and their efforts to reach a peaceful settlement based on
the principles of international law.
- They also affirmed that the measures imposed on Libya are no longer
justifiable, and urged the Security Council to expeditiously review the air embargo and
the other measures imposed on Libya with a view to lifting them. The Ministers further
underlined that the escalation of the crisis, the threat to impose additional sanctions
and the use of force as a means of conducting relations among States are a violation of
the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of the Non-Aligned Movement.
- Moreover, the Ministers supported the proposals submitted jointly by
the Organization of African Unity and the League of Arab States, as contained in the
declaration of the 65th regular session of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of
African Unity, held in Tripoli from 24 to 28 February 1997. These proposals are as
- Option 1 : To hold the trial of the two suspects in a third
and neutral country to be determined by the Security Council.
- Option 2 : To have the two suspects tried by Scottish judges
at the international Court of Justice (ICJ) at The Hague, in accordance with Scottish law.
- Option 3 : To establish a special criminal tribunal at the
ICJ Headquarters in The Hague to try the two suspects.
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- The Ministers, noting the latest developments in resolving the
question of Western Sahara, reiterated the support of the Movement for the efforts of the
United Nations to organize and supervise an impartial, free and fair referendum in
accordance with the Settlement Plan and with relevant Security Council resolutions.
- The Ministers welcomed the Peace Agreement concluded on 30 November
1996 in Abidjan between the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone and the
Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone and expressed the hope that the Peace Agreement
would lead to a speedy resolution of the problem.
- The Ministers welcomed the recent positive developments in the peace
process in Liberia on the basis of the Abuja Agreement and its revised schedule of
implementation. They noted with satisfaction the substantial progress in the disarmament
of combatants, the revitalization of civil society and the preparations being made, in
conjunction with ECOWAS and the United Nations, for the holding of democratic presidential
and legislative elections in Liberia on 30 May 1997. They paid tribute to the Member
States of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), to the ECOWAS Chairman
and to the men and women of the ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG), for their untiring
efforts and many sacrifices in the search for lasting peace and national reconciliation in
Liberia. They also expressed appreciation to the United Nations, the Organization of
African Unity, the donor community, international agencies and non-governmental
organizations for their support, and urged their continued assistance to the peace process
in Liberia, including the repatriation, resettlement and reintegration of refugees and the
reconstruction of the country.
- As the crucial phase of elections approaches, the Ministers
emphasized the importance of all Liberian parties and leaders abiding by their obligations
under the Abuja peace plan to ensure the holding of free and fair elections leading to the
establishment of a democratically elected government in the country. They further called
on the international community to contribute to the United Nations Trust Fund for Liberia
and to respond generously and in timely fashion to the appeal of ECOWAS for the provision
of necessary resources to ECOMOG, so as to enable it to discharge its responsibilities
under the peace plan, particularly the provision of adequate security for the elections.
They reaffirmed their commitment to the Arms Embargo imposed on Liberia by United Nations
Security Council resolution 788 of 1992, and called on members of the international
community to fully adhere to it.
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- The Ministers reviewed the developments regarding the Angola peace
process since the Cartagena Summit and reaffirmed their commitment to the Lusaka protocol
as a fundamental basis for the restoration of peace and national reconciliation in Angola.
They welcomed the progress made in the implementation of the Lusaka Protocol and
reiterated the validity of the relevant Security Council resolutions which attribute
importance to the full implementation of the Lusaka Protocol by the Government of Angola
- The Ministers considered it fundamental that the Government of Angola
and UNITA take urgent and decisive steps towards the fulfillment of their commitments in
order to ensure the continued involvement of the international community in the peace
process in Angola.
- They reiterated their appeal to UNITA to comply with all provisions
of the Lusaka Protocol in good faith and without further delay.
- The Ministers welcomed the recent visit of the UN Secretary-General
to Angola and appreciated the efforts of his Special Representative in Angola and of the
Troika of observers who have contributed much towards progress in the peace process.
- The Ministers expressed appreciation for the support of the
international community and called for increased humanitarian assistance and support for
the national reconstruction of Angola.
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- The Ministers reiterated the unquestionable sovereignty of the
Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros over the island of Mayotte, as well as the
fulfillment of the commitments acquired prior to the referendum of 22 December 1974
regarding respect for the unity and territorial integrity of the Comoros. They urged the
Government of France to accelerate the process of negotiations with a view to ensuring the
effective and early return of the island of Mayotte to the Comoros, in accordance with
United Nations General Assembly resolution 49/18 of 6 December 1994, and other resolutions
adopted by the General Assembly on this matter.
- The Ministers reiterated the support of the Non-Aligned Movement for
the sovereignty of Mauritius over the Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia, and
called on the former colonial power to pursue the dialogue with the Government of
Mauritius for the early return of the Archipelago. In this resect, they noted with
satisfaction the initiation of certain confidence-building measures by the two parties.
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The Situation in the
Great Lakes Region
- The Ministers expressed their deep concern at the deteriorating
situation in Eastern Zaire. They noted that the situation had grave humanitarian
consequences for the refugees and other victims of the conflict in the region, and
accordingly called for an end to the hostilities to facilitate humanitarian assistance and
the rehabilitation of refugees and displaced persons. The Ministers advised the parties to
the conflict that political dialogue was the sole means of resolving their conflict. The
Ministers expressed their support for the five-point peace plan submitted by the joint
UN/OAU Special Representative to the Great Lakes region.
- The Ministers expressed their sincere appreciation for the initiative
by President Daniel arap Moi of Kenya in convening the Nairobi I, II and III Summits of
Heads of State on the situation in the Great Lakes region.
- The Ministers also noted with satisfaction the efforts made,
especially by countries of the region, to find a speedy solution to the conflict in
Eastern Zaire, as well as the results of the recent Extraordinary Summit of Heads of State
and Government of the Central Organ of the OAU Mechanism for the prevention, management
and resolution of conflicts in Africa held in Lomé (Togo) on 26 and 27 March 1997, at
which the State of Zaire and representatives of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the
Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL) accepted the principles of direct negotiation and
cease-fire. Lastly, the Ministers welcomed the efforts made by the South African
Government to facilitate negotiations between the ADFL and the State of Zaire,
negotiations which began in South Africa on 4 April 1997.
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The Situation between Iraq and
- The Ministers reviewed the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, and
emphasised that all Member States of the Movement are committed to respect the
sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of both Kuwait and Iraq They
emphasised that the full implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions
constitutes the means of establishing peace, security and stability in the region. In this
respect, they noted the need to resolve expeditiously the problems of all
prisoners/detainees and missing persons of Kuwait, and of third country nationals, by
means of serious and sincere cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross
in order to reach a solution of this issue. They reviewed the issue of human suffering in
Iraq, and positively noted recent developments that allow the import of essential civilian
necessities by Iraq.
- The Ministers deplored the repeated actions of the Turkish armed
forces violating the territorial integrity of Iraq under the pretext of fighting guerrilla
elements hiding inside Iraqi territory. These actions of the Turkish armed forces
constitute stark illegal violations of the international boundaries mutually recognised
between the two countries. The Minister's also rejected the so-called
"hot-pursuit" measures adopted by Turkey to justify such actions, which are
abhorrent to international law and to the norms of practice amongst States.
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- The Ministers reaffirmed their support for the efforts of the Korean
people to reunite their homeland based on the principles set forth in the North-South
Joint Statement of 4 July 1972, as well as in the Agreement concluded in February 1992.
They noted the importance of guaranteeing durable peace and security in the Korean
peninsula for the sake of the common prosperity of the Korean people, as well as the peace
and security of North-East Asia and the rest of the world. They stressed that the
reunification of Korea should be realized by peaceful means. They expressed the hope that
the nuclear issue in the Korean Peninsula, given its political and military nature, should
be resolved by peaceful means, through dialogue and negotiations among all the parties
concerned and through full implementation of the Geneva Agreed Framework and the Kuala
Lumpur statement between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the United States
of America and other agreed relevant documents, taking into account the need for continued
cooperation with the IAEA.
- The Ministers called upon all states to respect the unity,
independence territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Islamic State of Afghanistan as
well as the right of the Afghan people to determine their own destiny.
- They expressed their concern over the continuation of hostilities in
the Islamic State of Afghanistan and called upon all states to strictly refrain from any
outside interference in the internal affairs of Afghanistan including the involvement of
foreign military personnel and the supply of arms to various parties.
- They further added that there should be no military solution and
called upon all Afghan parties to cooperate with UN efforts to facilitate national
reconciliation and reconstruction of Afghanistan, specifically to mediate an end to the
conflict and to facilitate the implementation of a comprehensive settlement to be agreed
upon by the Afghan parties which would include inter alia immediate and durable cease
fire, the demilitarization of Kabul and the establishment of a fully representative and
broad based transitional government of national unity.
- They expressed the hope that the Afghan parties would move towards
national reconciliation in accordance with UN Security Council resolution 1076, UN General
Assembly resolutions 51/195 and 51/108 and welcomed the considerable efforts made by the
UN Secretary-General and the Head of United Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan
- The Ministers expressed concern about actions undermining the
security of State frontiers, including the growing illicit traffic in arms and narcotics
by criminal elements and groups from certain areas of Afghanistan and about the use of
Afghan territory for the training and harboring of terrorists, which create a threat to
peace and stability in the entire region, including Afghanistan.
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- The Ministers recognized the role of ASEAN in maintaining peace,
stability and prosperity in the region and in enhancing cooperation in the wider
Asia-Pacific region, and that of ARF in promoting dialogue and mutual confidence amongst
its partners. They welcomed the progress of ASEAN's continuing efforts to realize the
objective of Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality in South-East Asia (ZOPFAN) and the
signing of the Treaty on the South-East Asia Nuclear-Weapon Free Zone (SEANWFZ) by all ten
South-East Asian countries. They regarded the establishment of SEANWPZ as an important
contribution to peace, security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region. For the
effectiveness of the Treaty, the Ministers encouraged all nuclear-weapon States to extend
their support and cooperation by acceding to the Protocol of the Treaty.
- The Ministers emphasized the need to resolve all sovereignty and
jurisdictional disputes concerning the South China Sea by peaceful means without resort to
force and/or threat to use force, and urged all parties to exercise restraint with a view
to creating a positive climate for the eventual resolution of all contentious issues. They
expressed concern over recent developments that may lead to a deterioration of peace and
stability in the region. In this context, the Ministers supported the principles contained
in the 1992 ASEAN Declaration on the South China Sea; and stressed the need for the full
implementation of such principles by all concerned. They expressed the hope that all
concerned will refrain from further actions that may undermine peace, stability, trust and
confidence in the region, including possibly undermining freedom of navigation and
aviation in affected areas. They likewise urged the claimants to address the issue in
various bilateral and multilateral fora, and in this regard reiterated the significance of
promoting all types of confidence-building measures among all patties. To this end, they
welcomed the Indonesian initiative in sponsoring the workshop on managing the potential
conflict in the South China Sea and other measures launched by the concerned parties in
the region to enhance cooperation and to ensure the peaceful settlement of all outstanding
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Association of Caribbean
- The Ministers noted with satisfaction the efforts to deepen the
process of cooperation and development among States in the region through the Association
of Caribbean States.
- The Ministers noted with satisfaction the significant progress made
in the re-establishment of democracy in Haiti, and urged the international community to
continue to offer Haiti material and other support (including technical and financial
assistance) to enable it to deepen the process of democracy and promote its sustained
economic and social development. They also agreed that the extension of the United Nations
Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) should be considered in the context of developments in Haiti and
in accordance with the wishes of the Government of Haiti.
- The Ministers called upon the Government of the United States of
America to put an end to the economic, commercial and financial measures and actions
against Cuba which, in addition to being unilateral and contrary to the United Nations
Charter and international law, and to the principle of good neighborliness, cause huge
material losses and economic damage. They called upon the United States of America to
settle its differences with Cuba through negotiations on the basis of equality and mutual
respect, and requested strict compliance with resolutions 47/19, 48/16, 49/9, 50/10 and
51/17 of the General Assembly of the United Nations. They expressed deep concern about new
legislation enacted by the Congress of the United States that would intensify the embargo
against Cuba and widen its extraterritorial nature. They also urged the Government of the
United States to return the territory now occupied by the Guantanamo Naval base to Cuban
sovereignty and to put an end to aggressive radio and TV transmissions against Cuba.
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- The Ministers expressed their satisfaction at the signing of the
agreement on a firm and lasting peace, on 29 December 1996, between the Government of
Guatemala and the UNIDAD Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG), which put a definite
end to the Guatemalan internal confrontation. This accord generates a situation of peace
which leads to political stability and economic development in the region.
- The Ministers appealed to the international community to strengthen
its support and financial assistance towards the implementation of the commitments
contained in the peace agreement, which will contribute to the consolidation of peace in
- The Ministers also expressed their satisfaction at the important
contribution made by the United Nations to the peace process in Guatemala.
- The Ministers welcomed the plans of the Government of Panama to
convene a Universal Congress on the Panama Canal in Panama City in September l997 to be
attended by governments, international organizations, maritime users and international
maritime transport companies, in order to consider jointly the role that that the Panama
Canal should play in the twenty-first century.
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- The Ministers noted the firm commitment of Guyana and Venezuela to
the peaceful resolutions of the controversy which exists between them. To this end, they
fully supported the parties in their decision to continue to avail themselves of the good
offices of the UN Secretary-General and his Special Representative with a view to reaching
a definitive settlement as called for by the Geneva Agreement of 1966.
Central American Integration System
- The Ministers acknowledged the significant progress of the process of
integration and regional cooperation through the Central American Integration System