1. We, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, met in Cartagena, Colombia from 8 to 9 April 2000, to review the developments and implementation of decisions of the Durban Summit, to make preparations for the next Summit, and to discuss matters of urgency.
2. We express our warm appreciation for the Report of the Chairman on the activities of the Movement since the XII Summit Conference of Heads of State or Government held in Durban in August and September 1998, which contributed to the strengthening and the promotion of the unity and solidarity among the members of the Movement.
3. We welcome the Dominican Republic as a Member of the Movement as endorsed at the meeting of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegation at the 54 Session of the UN General Assembly held in New York, 23 September 1999.
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4. The evolution of the international situation since the Durban Summit indicates that there are many opportunities, challenges and problems facing the Movement at the beginning of the new century. We recall the position of our Heads of State or Government expressed at Durban on the review of the international situation.
5. We emphasise that even when the spectre of a nuclear holocaust seems more remote than in the recent past and several countries resolved to reduce their military budgets in order to devote such resources to meet the social and economic development requirements of their people, great powers continue to endanger the future of humankind through the unjustified stockpiling and development of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and a rampant traffic in armaments continues to put in jeopardy the security and stability of vast regions of the world.
6. The world today is still far from being a peaceful, just and secure place. Simmering disputes, violent conflicts, aggression and foreign occupation, interference in the internal affairs of States, policies of hegemony and domination, ethnic strife, religious intolerance, xenophobia, new forms of racism and narrowly conceived nationalism are, inter alia, major and dangerous obstacles to harmonious coexistence among States and peoples and have even led to the disintegration of States and societies.
7. Cold War era legacies such as foreign occupation, foreign military bases, the use or threat of use of force, pressure, interference in internal affairs and sanctions inconsistent with international law, still constitute a main disturbing factor to establishing fair and equitable international relations conforming with the strong desire of the overwhelming majority of governments and peoples and we emphasise the need to continue to consolidate our efforts for the removal of such legacies.
8. The global economy continues to be characterised by rapid growth in flows of trade, finance, information and technology, which has led to increased interdependence among countries. Countries interact with the global economy from vastly different levels of development and, hence, the impact of globalisation and liberalisation has been highly uneven. While the current trend was expected to lead to increasing economic opportunity for some developing economies, it is evident that a large number of Member Countries of the Non-Aligned Movement, particularly in Africa, continue to be marginalised and are thus made unable to share the benefits, if any, of these processes. Most developing countries continue to confront problems of access to markets, capital and technology, and many grapple with the institutional transformation necessary for meaningful integration into the world economy.
9. We underline the fact that the gap between the developed and developing countries, specially the LDCs, continues to widen, and we reiterate that the problems deriving from poverty and social injustices, far from being overcome, have been significantly aggravated. We note further that economic underdevelopment, poverty and social injustice constitute a source of frustration and a cause of new conflicts, and that stability, security, democracy and peace cannot be consolidated without rectifying the growing international inequalities.
10. We reaffirm that all nations have the inalienable right to freely establish their own political and economic systems and take measures to safeguard their security on the basis of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including respect for the principles of national sovereignty, territorial integrity, self-determination and non-interference in the internal affairs of others.
11. We wish to reiterate, however, that it is of paramount importance that the new opportunities, challenges and problems be addressed by following strictly the United Nations Charter. In this context, we wish to reaffirm the principles of the Non-Aligned Movement as well as the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter. We also want to reiterate our firm condemnation of all unilateral military actions including those made without proper authorisation from the United Nations Security Council or threats of military action against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of the members of the Movement which constitute acts of aggression and blatant violations of the principle of non-intervention and non-interference.
12. We welcome the decision of the OAU Summit in Algiers in July 1999 calling for the restoration, before the next OAU Summit, of constitutional legality in States whose governments had come to power through unconstitutional means. We strongly recommend that this issue be considered by the Movement at the next Summit.
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13. We emphasise the fact that in order for the Movement to enhance its role at the international level, it must continue to work on expanding and reinforcing its ability and capacity for initiative, representation and negotiation, as well as its ethical, political and moral strength as the principal forum representing the interests and aspirations of the developing world. In this regard, we reaffirm that full respect for the founding principles of the Movement in Bandung (1955) and the principles set forth in the United Nations Charter are our irrevocable political and moral commitment. The role of the Movement in the attainment of its objectives hinges upon the solidarity of its members, its unity and cohesion, founded on a culture of peace, development and co-operation. All forms of co-operation among NAM Members shall be further encouraged and enhanced.
14. We reiterate the Non-Aligned Countries' commitment to respect scrupulously the principles and objectives of non-alignment as well as its positions submitted in the UN on behalf of the NAM, and express our determination to make every effort to further strengthen the Non-Aligned Movements capacity for action and to develop concrete modalities to enhance the influence and impact of its decisions on world affairs, as adopted by our Heads of State or Government in the XII Summit. We reiterate our firm condemnation of the aggression, racism, the use of force, terrorism, foreign occupation, foreign military bases, and interference in internal affairs, unilateral coercive measures, unfair economic practices and xenophobia. In this context, we reaffirm our commitment to take up the challenge to fundamentally transform international relations in order to achieve a world of peace, security, justice and dignity for all.
15. We reiterate the need to enhance the role of the Non-Aligned Movement in the light of changes in the international situation, so that the Movement as spokesman for the interests and aspirations of the Non-Aligned and other developing countries, will be able to respond effectively and expeditiously to the challenges raised in the new millennium, on the basis of common positions agreed by Members. The Movement has to achieve maximum utilisation of all its mechanisms, the Co-ordinating Bureau, NAM Working Groups, Standing Committees, Ad Hoc Committees, the convening of NAM meetings in relevant international fora and the JCC. We also reaffirm the ongoing task of the Ministerial Committee on Methodology.
16. We reiterate the need for the Movement to enhance its participation, unity and cohesion and to co-ordinate the positions of members towards major international issues, with the view to strengthen our negotiating leverage vis-à-vis developed countries.
17. In accordance with the decision of the Durban Summit, the Ministers adopted the Plan of Action formulated on the basis of the decisions taken by XII Summit.
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18. We hope that this new millennium will bring the opportunity to conduct a North-South dialogue based on the mutuality of interest and benefits, shared responsibilities and genuine interdependence. We appreciate the tasks performed by the NAM Troika of Foreign Ministers to enhance the role of the Movement and promote dialogue with the developed countries and we encourage them to continue, particularly with the view to the next Summit of the G8 in Okinawa, Japan, in July 2000. In this regard, we emphasise the importance of the participation of all members of the Movement through the NAM Co-ordinating Bureau, in shaping the agenda of these meetings as well as the timely reporting of the outcome of the meetings to the Co-ordinating Bureau.
19. We are confident that discussions and decisions to be taken at the South Summit, to be held from 10 to 14 April 2000 in Havana, Cuba, will constitute an important contribution to the enhancement of North-South relations and to the development aims of the developing countries.
20. We decide to take urgent steps to develop a proposal, including practical steps to devise a precise economic agenda for the South, in consultation, inter alia, through the COB in New York, and with Members of the Ad Hoc Panel of Economists and for its presentation to the Standing Ministerial Committee on Economic Co-operation, which should be held soon.
21. We recall the position at the XII Durban Summit with regard to the dialogue among civilisations, initiated by President Mohammad Khatami of the Islamic Republic of Iran and recommit ourselves to promoting this concept, through planning and the implementation of appropriate cultural, educational and social programmes. We believe that the Dialogue among Civilisations should be a durable process, and support the strengthening and institutionalising of these processes at regional and international levels. We welcome UNGA resolutions (53/22 & 54/113) and call upon all Member States to co-operate with the personal representative of the UN Secretary-General and to contribute to the special programmes in the year 2001 designated by the General Assembly as the United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilisations, and to arrange at the national level demonstrations during that year.
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22. We uphold the NAM position on the vital role of the UN in the maintenance of international peace and security and the strengthening of international co-operation, in line with the principles of the UN Charter and the equal sovereignty of its Members. In this context, we recall the decisions and directives of the XII Summit with respect to the various reform proposals presented by the Secretary-General as outlined in his Report entitled "Renewing the United Nations: A Program of Reform".
23. We underscore the need to preserve and promote the principles and purposes of the UN Charter and General Assembly mandates together with the need to keep under close intergovernmental oversight and review all proposals which are still to be implemented as well as a continuous assessment of those which are being implemented.
24. Ultimately, the success of the reform of the UN can only be judged in terms of the real improvements in its functioning and the positive impact it has on the lives of the peoples of the developing countries. We stress that any further efforts regarding UN reforms should focus on strengthening the role of the Organisation in promoting international co-operation for development. In this regard, we welcome the establishment of the development account in accordance with GA resolution 54/15 and underscore the constructive role of developing countries during the negotiations. We, however, regret that the impact of UN reforms on the development of developing countries is yet to be felt, with a continuous decline in the resources made available to the UN for multilateral development co-operation.
25. We welcome all decisions which have been adopted and which are aimed at strengthening and revitalising the role of the General Assembly, as the highest deliberative and decision-making organ of the United Nations in which all Member States equally participate, especially those related to the consideration by the General Assembly of the reports of other main organs, in particular the report of the Security Council and the report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organisation. We emphasise the importance of ensuring that the role of the Security Council conforms to its mandate as defined in the United Nations Charter, so that there is no encroachment on the jurisdiction and the prerogatives of the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies.
26. We underscore the intergovernmental character of the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies. Efforts to strengthen the contribution of NGOs to the work of the UN and its bodies should be undertaken through the consultative arrangements of ECOSOC.
27. Discussions in the Open-Ended Working Group on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council, and other matters related to the Security Council, have shown that while a convergence of views has emerged on a number of issues, important differences still exist on many others. We call on our Permanent Representatives in New York to continue, in the ensuing negotiations in the Open-Ended Working Group, to pursue directives which were adopted during the Durban Summit, as outlined in paragraphs 65 to 74 of the Final Document, and contained in the Movement's position papers adopted on 13 February 1995, 20 May 1996, the NAM negotiating paper dated 11 March 1997, the decisions of the Cartagena Summit, the Twelfth Ministerial Conference in New Delhi, 7-8 April 1997, the Ministerial Meeting in New York, on 25 September 1997, the Meeting of the Co-ordinating Bureau in Cartagena, 19-20 May 1998, and the Ministerial Meeting in New York on September 1999. We welcome the adoption of UNGA resolution 53/30 and the Report of the Open-Ended Working Group on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council (A/53/47).
28. We reiterate our concern over the increasing occurrence of the term "preventive action" in the absence of an agreed definition or understanding of this term, as well as inadequate clarification of its implications on United Nations activities and resources. We urge that the General Assembly develop guidelines for the UN on this matter.
29. We recall that the imposition of sanctions is an issue of serious concern for Non-Aligned Countries. We reaffirm that the imposition of sanctions in accordance with the Charter should be considered only after all means of peaceful settlement of disputes under Chapter VI of the Charter have been exhausted and a thorough consideration undertaken of the short and long-term effects of such sanctions. Sanctions are a blunt instrument, the use of which raises fundamental ethical questions of whether sufferings inflicted on vulnerable groups in the target country are legitimate means of exerting pressure. The objectives of sanctions are not to punish or otherwise exact retribution.
30. We reiterate that the objectives of sanctions regimes should be clearly defined. Sanctions should be lifted as soon as the objectives are achieved. They should be imposed for a specified time-frame and be based on tenable legal grounds. The conditions demanded of the country or party on which sanctions are imposed should be clearly defined and subject to periodic review. Attempts to impose or to prolong the application of sanctions to achieve political ends should be rejected.
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31. We pledge our firm support to the fifty-fifth session of the General Assembly in the year 2000 convened as "The Millennium Assembly of the United Nations", with a Millennium Summit of the United Nations as an integral part thereof. The Non-Aligned Countries will actively avail themselves of the opportunity presented by the Summit to articulate their vision of prospects and challenges for the new millennium, and concrete actions required by the international community to effectively address them. We stress that the Millennium Summit and its preparatory process must provide for effective participation by all Member States, especially the members of the Non-Aligned Movement, through a transparent intergovernmental process of deliberations and negotiations, to ensure full ownership of its outcome.
32. We endorse the proposal by the Joint Co-ordinating Committee of the NAM and the G-77 that the overarching theme for the Millennium Summit should be "Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century", and that within this overarching theme, there should be two sub-topics: (i) Peace, Security and Disarmament, and (ii) Development and Poverty Eradication.
33. We express our concern over the deteriorating financial situation of the Organisation and reiterate that the primary cause of the financial crisis continues to be the failure on the part of certain developed countries to discharge fully, without conditions and on time, their assessed contribution to the Regular Budget and to peace-keeping operations. We urge all countries in arrears to settle their outstanding dues without further delay and to pay their future assessments in full, on time and without imposing preconditions.
34. We re-emphasise our concern at the continued cross borrowing from the peace-keeping budgets to the regular budget, which also contribute to the delay in reimbursement to the troop and contingent-owned-equipment-providing countries, particularly to the Non-Aligned and developing countries. All Member States are strongly urged to fulfil their obligations under the Charter to bring an end to this extraordinary practice. We reiterate our concern over the delay in reimbursement and underscore the need for early reimbursement to troop and COE providing countries.
35. The principle of capacity to pay as a fundamental criterion in the apportionment of the expenses of the Organisation is important and should be maintained. The scale of assessments for the period 2001-2003 must take into consideration the economic conditions of the developing countries. Any unilateral attempt to modify the scale of assessments through conditionalities, which are contrary to the United Nations Charter, is unacceptable. Any significant modification of the scale would be considered only if it spreads the burden of payment, in accordance with the principle of capacity to pay, more broadly among the major contributors without adversely affecting NAM and other developing countries.
36. The principles and guidelines for the apportionment of the expenses of peace-keeping operations approved by the General Assembly in its resolutions 1874 (S-IV) of 27 June 1963 and 3101 (XXVIII) of 11 December 1973 must be adopted on a permanent basis. In this regard, account must also be taken of the special responsibility of the five Permanent Members of the Security Council in the financing of such operations. Furthermore, we reiterate the position adopted at the XII Summit in which it is stressed that member countries of the NAM and other developing countries shall be classified in a category that is no higher than group C.
37. Recalling the proposals by the Secretary-General for procurement reform as outlined in A/52/534, we emphasise the critical importance of timely, efficient, transparent and cost-effective procurement of goods and services in support of peace-keeping operations. We express our grave concern at the negligible share of Non-Aligned and other developing countries in UN procurement. In this regard, we reiterate the need to ensure greater UN procurement from developing countries, especially Non-Aligned Countries in particular through the implementation or the provision of preferential treatment.
38. We further underline that the United Nations Suppliers Roster should be representative of the membership of the Organisation. In awarding procurement contracts, preference should be given to Member States that have fulfilled their financial obligations to the United Nations.
39. We reiterate that international civil servants in accordance with Articles 100 and 101 of the UN Charter should carry out all the mandated programs and activities of the United Nations. The Gratis Personnel should be completely phased out in accordance with relevant General Assembly resolutions.
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40. We reaffirm the guiding principles regarding peace-keeping operations contained in the Final Document adopted by the XI Ministerial Conference in Cairo on 3 June 1994 and reiterate the Movements positions on peace-keeping adopted by the XII Summit of Heads of State or Government held in Durban on 29 August to 3 September 1998.
41. We reiterate our view that peace-keeping operations should not be used as a substitute for addressing the root causes of conflict. Those causes should be addressed in a coherent, well-planned, co-ordinated and comprehensive manner with political, social and developmental instruments. Consideration should be given to ways in which those efforts can continue without interruption after the departure of peace-keeping operations so as to ensure a smooth transition to lasting peace and security.
42. We reiterate that the maintenance of international peace and security is a primary responsibility of the United Nations and that the role of regional arrangements in that regard, should be in accordance with Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter, and should not in any way substitute the role of the United Nations, or circumvent the full application of the guiding principles of United Nations peace-keeping. In this regard, we stress the need to avoid selectivity and double standards in establishing United Nations peace-keeping operations in Africa. Further, when constituting UN peace-keeping operations for any region of the world, we urge the Secretary-General of the United Nations to seek as broad a geographical representation as possible, consistent with the universal character of the Organisation.
43. We reaffirm that the funding of the United Nations peace-keeping operations through voluntary contributions should not influence UN Security Council decisions to establish peace-keeping operations or affect their mandate. We stress the need for regular and institutionalised consultations between troop contributing countries and the Security Council. We also stress the need to differentiate between peace-keeping operations and humanitarian assistance.
44. We stress that the Security Council should ascertain the views of prospective troop contributing countries before and while drafting mandates for UN peace-keeping operations, since these countries are primarily responsible for ensuring the implementation of the Councils mandate on the ground. We also stress that, while authorising force, the Security Council should adhere to the provisions of Articles 43 and 44 of the Charter of the United Nations.
45. We emphasise that the planning process within the Department of Peace-keeping Operations must be more transparent and effective and that troop contributing countries should be consulted at the earliest stages of mission planning. We reiterate our concern over the staffing structure of the Department of Peace-keeping Operations of the UN Secretariat whereby NAM Member Countries are insufficiently represented, particularly at professional levels. We stress that, on the basis of equitable geographical representation, personnel from Non-Aligned Movement Member Countries should be sufficiently represented.
46. The UN Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations remains the competent forum with the mandate to comprehensively review the whole question of peace-keeping operations in all their aspects. We stress the importance of consistently applying the principles and standards that the Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations has set forth for the establishment and conduct of peace-keeping operations and also emphasise the need to continue to consider definitions in a systematic fashion including proposals or conditions concerning peace-keeping operations.
47. We note the announcement by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on March 7, 2000, that he has commissioned a major new study on "UN Peace Operations" and has constituted a panel of experts for this. While expressing our concern about the use of the undefined term "UN Peace Operations", we urge that, in view of the importance of the initiative taken by the Secretary-General, and its potential impact on the future of UN peace-keeping operations, the study should be reviewed by the competent bodies of the General Assembly, including the Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations, before submission to the Millennium Summit.
48. Having already addressed the report on the Fall of Srebrenica in plenary we urge the President of the General Assembly to do likewise on the Report of the Independent Inquiry into Actions of the United Nations during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda in this current session of the General Assembly.
49. We reiterate our view that efforts aimed at enhancing the capacity of African countries in the various aspects of peace-keeping are complementary to the obligations of all United Nations Member States under the Charter of the United Nations with regard to their contribution in maintaining peace and security in Africa, and are not intended to replace or reduce engagement of non-African countries in peace-keeping operations in the continent.
50. We recognise the concerns of Member States regarding medical aspects of peace-keeping operations including the high risk of the transmission and contraction of HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases facing peace-keepers and other personnel in the field. We welcome the ongoing efforts of the DPKO Training Unit, including during pre-deployment orientation, to raise awareness of these diseases and request the DPKO to incorporate language into the "Guidelines for Military and Civpol Participation in Peace-keeping Operations" Manuals, to further raise the peace-keepers' awareness of these diseases.
51. We note the increasing demands for deployment in large number of civilian police personnel in United Nations peace-keeping operations and stress the importance of developing, by the UN Secretariat, at an early date, agreed guidelines on the principles governing the role of civilian police personnel in United Nations peace-keeping operations.
52. We express concern at the recent assertion in the report of the Secretary-General (S/2000/194 dated 8 March 2000) that the Multinational Standby Force High Readiness Brigade (SHIRBRIG) would be available at high readiness for peace-keeping operations where rapid response is important, including the humanitarian tasks mandated by the Security Council under Chapter VI of the Charter of the United Nations. In this regard, we reiterate that the name of the United Nations should not be used arbitrarily by individual States or groups in their activities without a relevant UN resolution, since the United Nations is the worlds most universal international organisation.
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53. We reaffirm that, without any prejudice to the competence of the other principal organs of the United Nations respective roles in post-conflict peace-building (PCPB) activities, the General Assembly must have the key role in the formulation of PCPB activities. In this regard, we also recognise the importance of the concerted actions of international agencies to support actively the national programs particularly of NAM Countries, which are in the process of recovery from recent conflicts, for reconstruction and rehabilitation, including the promotion of a culture of peace, which paves the way for the achievement of economic and social development.
54. We note that the UN Department of Peace-keeping Operations has concluded a Memorandum of Understanding with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to enhance co-operation between them, and to seek to increase the effectiveness of peace-keeping and human rights activities. While reiterating that the General Assembly must have the key role in the formulation of post-conflict peace-building (PCPB) activities, we express our concern over the fact that such an MOU should have been signed without any discussion on this subject in the Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations, and in the absence of inter-governmental agreement on this subject.
55. We highlight the important role that regional arrangements and agencies, composed of Non-Aligned and other developing countries, can play in the promotion of regional peace and security, economic co-operation and economic and social development.
56. While reaffirming that the primary responsibility for international peace and security rests with the United Nations, we stress that the role of regional arrangements or agencies, in that regard, should not in any way be substituted for the role of the United Nations, or circumvent the full application of the guiding principles of the United Nations and international law.
57. We reaffirm that a process of consultations, co-operation and co-ordination between the United Nations and regional arrangements or agencies, in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter, as well as on their mandates, scope and composition, is useful and can contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security.
58. Regional arrangements on economic co-operation can contribute to development and to the growth of the world economy through, inter alia, the promotion of trade, investment and technology transfer. We stress the need for a firm commitment to enhance economic co-operation among developing countries within the framework of an open, multilateral, equitable and non-discriminatory trading system.
59. In this context, we note that the Partnership concluded between ACP and EU provides for the negotiations of Economic Partnership Agreements between the EU and ACP sub-regions. We urge States concerned to devise appropriate strategies to effectively co-ordinate their position so that these negotiations are compatible with the objectives of regional integration such as those envisaged in the Abuja Treaty.
60. We welcome the convening of the IX Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Countries Members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) that will take place in the State of Qatar in the year 2000 and are confident that the decisions of the Summit will strengthen and promote international peace and security, and co-operation in conformity with the UN Charter and with the principles and interests of the Non-Aligned Movement Members.
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61. We reiterate the continued validity of the fundamental rights of all peoples to self-determination, the exercise of which, in the case of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation, is essential to ensure the eradication of all these situations and to guarantee universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. We strongly condemn ongoing brutal suppression of the legitimate aspirations for self-determination of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation in various regions of the world.
62. We reaffirm the inalienable right of peoples of non-self-governing territories to self-determination and independence in accordance with United Nations General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960 regardless of the territory's size, geographical location, population and limited natural resources. We renew our commitment to hasten the complete elimination of colonialism, and support the effective implementation of the Plan of Action of the Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism. In this regard, we propose the declaration of a new Decade for the elimination of Colonialism to commence in 2001. We reaffirm in this context that the principle of self-determination with respect to the remaining territories within the framework of the Program of Action should be implemented in accordance with the wishes of the people consistent with United Nations General Assembly resolutions and the Charter of the United Nations.
63. In the context of the implementation of UNGA resolution 1514 (XV), we reiterate that any attempt aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and the territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. We also reaffirm the right of all people that have been subjected to colonialism to receive full compensation for the human and material losses they suffered as a result of colonialism, foreign occupation and alien domination.
64. We call for the full implementation of relevant UNESCO resolutions and decisions relating to the restitution of cultural property of peoples formerly under colonial rule and urge that payment of applicable compensation be made in conformity with United Nations General Assembly resolutions and the return of cultural property to their countries of origin. We also affirm the right of the Non-Aligned Countries to preserve their cultures and protect their national heritage, which are the basis of the cultural identity of these countries.
65. We reaffirm once again the right of the people of Puerto Rico to self-determination and independence on the basis of resolution 1514 (XV) of the United Nations General Assembly. We take note of the resolution on Puerto Rico by the Committee on July 6, 1999, which, inter alia, requested the US Government to order the halt of its armed forces military drills and manoeuvres of Vieques Island and to withdraw from the occupied territory of Vieques. We request the Committee of 24 to continue actively pursuing the issue of Puerto Rico.
66. We reiterate our strong support for the Committee of 24, which is an important subsidiary body of the GA of the UN, and express our desire that the said body would continue to receive both the adequate human and financial resources aimed at actively pursuing its work in order to determine the interests of the peoples of non-self governing territories regarding their future political status, for which a number of actions, such as visiting missions and regional seminars, are totally adequate and necessary. For this purpose, we once again call upon the Administering powers to grant their full support to the activities of the Committee.
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67. We reaffirm and reiterate the long-standing principled positions of the Movement on disarmament and international security, including the decisions taken at the XII Summit in Durban.
68. We are deeply concerned at the updating of strategic defence doctrines that set out new rationales for the use of nuclear weapons. In this regard also, we are deeply concerned over the new "Alliance Strategic Concept" adopted by NATO in April 1999, which not only maintain unjustifiable concepts on international security based on promoting and developing military alliances and policies of nuclear deterrence, but also includes new elements aimed to open even more the scope for possible use or threat of use of force by NATO.
69. We are furthermore concerned over the negative implications of the development and deployment of anti-ballistic missile defence systems and the pursuit of advanced military technologies capable of deployment in outer space, which have, inter alia, contributed to the further erosion of an international climate conducive to the promotion of disarmament and the strengthening of international security. In this connection, we call upon the States Parties to the ABM Treaty to fully comply with its provisions.
70. We are convinced of the need for a comprehensive approach towards missiles, in a balanced and non discriminatory manner, as a contribution to international peace and security. In this context, we recall the General Assembly resolution 54/54 F.
71. We reiterate our long-standing principled position for the total elimination of all nuclear testing. We stress the significance of achieving universal adherence to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), including by all the Nuclear Weapon States, which, inter alia, should contribute to the process of nuclear disarmament. We express our satisfaction that 155 States have signed the Treaty and 55 States have ratified it thus far. We reiterate that if the objectives of the Treaty were to be fully realised, the continued commitment of all State signatories, especially the Nuclear Weapon States, to nuclear disarmament would be essential. We express our concern over the recent negative developments with regard to the ratification of the CTBT.
72. We reaffirm the importance of the Conference on Disarmament as the sole multilateral negotiating body on disarmament. In this context, we regret that the continued inflexible postures of the Nuclear Weapon States continues to prevent the Conference on Disarmament from establishing in 2000 an Ad Hoc Committee on nuclear disarmament to start negotiations on a phased programme for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons with a specified framework of time, including a Nuclear Weapons Convention. In this regard, we reiterate our call on the Conference on Disarmament to establish, as the highest priority, an Ad Hoc Committee on Nuclear Disarmament. We underline once again the unanimous conclusion of the International Court of Justice that there exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and to bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.
73. We reiterate our conviction that efforts for the conclusion of a universal, unconditional and legally binding instrument on security assurances to Non-Nuclear-Weapon States should be pursued as a matter of priority by the members of the Non-Aligned Movement.
74. We consider the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones (NWFZ) created by the treaties of Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok and Pelindaba as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament. The Movement welcomes the efforts aimed at creation of new nuclear-weapons-free zones in all regions of the world and calls for co-operation and broad consultation in order to achieve agreements freely arrived at between the states of the region concerned. We reiterate that in the context of nuclear-weapon free zones, it is essential that Nuclear Weapon States should provide unconditional assurances against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons to all States of the zone. We urge States to conclude agreements with a view to creating nuclear-weapon-free zones in regions where they do not exist, in accordance with the provisions of the Final Document of the Special Session of the General Assembly devoted to Disarmament (SSOD-I). In this context, we welcome the adoption by the United Nations Disarmament Commission at its 1999 session of a document entitled "Establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned." We also welcome and support the recent adoption by the Mongolian Parliament of legislation on Mongolias nuclear-weapon-free status as a concrete contribution to the international efforts to strengthen the non-proliferation regime.
75. We reiterate the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. To this end, we reaffirm the need for the speedy establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East in accordance with Security Council resolutions 487 (1981) and 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus. We call upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the establishment of such a zone and, pending its establishment, we call on Israel, the only country in the region that has not joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) nor declared its intention to do so, to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. We express great concern over the acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel which poses a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States and we condemn Israel for continuing to develop and stockpile nuclear arsenals. We are of the view that stability cannot be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities are maintained particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons which allow one party to threaten its neighbours and the region. We further welcome the initiative by H.E. Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, on the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. We stress that necessary steps should be taken in different international fora for the establishment of this zone. We also call for the total and complete prohibition of the transfer of all nuclear-related equipment, information, material and facilities, resources or devices and the extension of assistance in the nuclear related scientific or technological fields to Israel. In this regard, we express our serious concern over the recent development whereby Israeli scientists are provided access to the nuclear facilities of one Nuclear Weapon State. This development will have potentially serious negative implications on the regional security as well as the reliability of the global non-proliferation regime.
76. We, the Ministers of the States Parties to the NPT, reiterate our call and the firm commitment by all States parties to the Treaty for the full implementation at the 2000 NPT Review Conference, of the package agreed to at the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference which comprises of the decision on "Strengthening the review process for the Treaty", the decision on "Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament", the decision on "Extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons", and the "Resolution on the Middle East". We note with appreciation that specific time was made available at the Third Preparatory session for the 2000 Review Conference for the discussion on and consideration of proposals on the provisions in Article VI of the NPT and in paragraphs 3 and 4 (c) of the 1995 decision on "Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament", dealing with nuclear disarmament, as well as on the Resolution on the Middle East adopted at the 1995 Review and Extension Conference. In this context, we reaffirm the importance of the implementation of the call by our Heads of State or Government for the Review Conference to establish a subsidiary body to Main Committee I to deliberate on practical steps for systematic and progressive efforts to eliminate nuclear weapons, as well as a subsidiary body to Main Committee II to consider and recommend proposals on the implementation of the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the NPT.
77. We note with concern that undue restrictions on exports to developing countries of material, equipment and technology, for peaceful purposes persist. We emphasise that proliferation concerns are best addressed through multilaterally negotiated, universal, comprehensive and non-discriminatory agreements. Non-proliferation control arrangements should be transparent and open to participation by all States, and should ensure that they do not impose restrictions on access to material, equipment and technology for peaceful purposes required by developing countries for their continued development. In this regard we also express our strong rejection of attempts by any member State to use the International Atomic Energy Agencys (IAEA) technical co-operation programme as a tool for political purposes in violation of the IAEAs Statute.
78. We, the Ministers of the States parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) welcome the increasing number of ratifications of the Convention and invite all States who have still not ratified it to do so as soon as possible with the view to its universality. We also underline the urgency of satisfactorily resolving the unresolved issues in the framework of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) with a view to paving the ground for the effective, full and non-discriminatory implementation of the Convention. In this context, we reiterate our call on the developed countries to promote international co-operation through the transfer of technology, material and equipment for peaceful purposes in the chemical field and the removal of all and any discriminatory restrictions that are contrary to the letter and spirit of the Convention. We emphasise the need for an urgent conclusion of the relationship agreement between the United Nations and the OPCW, in accordance with the provisions of the CWC.
79. While asserting that the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) inherently precludes the use of biological weapons, we, the Ministers of the States Parties to the Convention recall the decision by the BWC Review Conference that the use by the States Parties, in any way and under any circumstances, of microbial or other biological agents or toxins, that is not consistent with prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes, is effectively a violation of Article I of the Convention. We reiterate our conviction that the use of biological weapons, in any way and under any circumstances, is effectively a violation of Article I of the Convention and we express the wish for this issue to be pursued further by the States Parties. We note the progress achieved so far in negotiating a Protocol to strengthen the BWC and reaffirm the decision of the Fourth Review Conference urging the conclusion of the negotiations by the Ad Hoc Group as soon as possible, before the commencement of the Fifth Review Conference, and for it to submit its report, which shall be adopted by consensus, to the States Parties to consider it at a Special Conference. Therefore artificial deadlines should be avoided. While we also note that there still exist a number of outstanding issues that need to be resolved, we are satisfied with the substantial progress which has been achieved in the negotiations of the Ad Hoc Group, and wish to emphasise that the principle of negotiation on the rolling text provides the methodology for resolving outstanding issues by consensus. Finally, and in this context, we call for flexibility to be shown on the outstanding issues as has already been demonstrated by the positive contributions on key issues made by the NAM and Other States participating in the negotiations, and we call on the Ad Hoc Group to conclude its work at the earliest possible date allowing sufficient time for the steps which would need to be taken for the consideration of the outcome of the Ad Hoc Groups work at a special conference to be held prior to the BWC 2001 Review Conference.
80. We remain deeply concerned over the illicit transfer, manufacture and circulation of small arms and light weapons and their excessive accumulation and proliferation in many countries, with destabilising effects. We fully share the regional and international concern that the easy availability of illicit small arms and light weapons escalate conflicts, undermine political stability and have a devastating impact on peace and security. We invite the international community, in co-operation with international and other regional organisations to work together towards resolving the problem of proliferation of illicit small arms and light weapons. In this context, we welcome the decision adopted by the 35th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) held in Algiers, Algeria, regarding the illicit proliferation, circulation and trafficking of small arms and light weapons; the entry into force on 1 July 1998, of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials; the decision on prevention and combating of illicit trafficking in small arms and related crimes adopted by the Council of Ministers at the XIX Summit of Heads of State or Government of the Southern African Development Community held in Maputo, Mozambique; the initiative taken by the States members of the Economic Community of West African States in declaring a moratorium on the importation, exportation and manufacture of small arms and light weapons in West Africa; the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of the Proliferation of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa adopted at the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa Conference on the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 12-15 March 2000 and we encourage similar initiatives in this regard.
81. We express our support for the convening of the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects which will be held in 2001, and welcome the establishment of the Preparatory Committee for the Conference which held its first meeting from 28 February 3 March 2000. We recall that the General Assembly at its 54 Session, in resolution 54/54 V, decided that the scope of the UN Conference will be the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects. We reiterate our call for the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee to utilise the inter-sessional period to conduct open-ended informal consultations in a transparent manner to facilitate the widest possible exchange of views on all issues related to this Conference. We are also in favour of informal inter-sessional meetings prior to the second session on all issues pertaining to the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects provided that such meetings should be held in New York in order to ensure the widest possible participation of States, in particular countries with limited representation, and to ensure continuity in the work of the Preparatory Committee. We invite the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee to submit a report to the Preparatory Committee at its second session on the outcome of consultations conducted in the inter-sessional period. We stress that the venues of future Preparatory Committee sessions and the Conference should ensure the broadest participation of all Member States of the United Nations, in particular countries with limited representation. In this regard, we take note with appreciation of the offer made by the Republic of Kenya to host one of the future Preparatory Committee Sessions. We believe that the Conference should be chaired by a representative of a country affected by the illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons.
82. We deplore the use, in contravention of international humanitarian law, of anti-personnel mines in conflict situations aimed at maiming, killing and terrorising innocent civilians, denying them access to farmland, causing famine and forcing them to flee their homes eventually leading to depopulation and preventing the return of civilians to their place of original residence. We call upon the international community to provide the necessary assistance to landmine clearance operations as well as the rehabilitation of victims and their social and economic reintegration in the landmine affected countries. We further call for international assistance to ensure full access of affected countries to material equipment, technology and financial resources for mine clearance. We also call for increased humanitarian assistance for victims of landmines.
83. We express concern about the residue of the Second World War, particularly in the form of landmines, which have caused human and material damage and obstructed development plans in some Non-Aligned countries. We call on the States responsible for laying the mines outside their territories to co-operate with the affected countries, provide the necessary information, and maps indicating the locations of such mines, technical assistance for their clearance and contribute towards defrayal of the costs of clearance and provide compensation for any ensuing losses.
84. We call on States to become parties to the Convention on Prohibition or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (CCW) and its Protocols, in particular in light of the Review Conference in 2001. We take note of the First Annual Conference of States Parties to the Amended Protocol II to the CCW, realised in Geneva in December 1999 and stress the importance of its effective implementation. We also take note of the realisation of the First Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, which took place in Maputo, Mozambique in May 1999.
85. We call for an international conference, at the earliest possible date, with the objective of arriving at an agreement on a phased programme for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons with a specified framework of time to eliminate all nuclear weapons, to prohibit their development, production, acquisition, testing, stockpiling, transfer, use or threat of use, and to provide for their destruction.
86. We reiterate once again our support for the convening of the Fourth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly devoted to Disarmament. We express deep concern over the lack of consensus on the deliberations held by the United Nations Disarmament Commission in 1999 on the agenda and objectives. We note that the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States and report to the 55th General Assembly on the objectives, agenda and timing of the Special Session. In this regard, we direct the Co-ordinating Bureau to entrust the NAM Working Group on Disarmament with the task of continuing to press for further steps leading to the convening of the Fourth Special Session with the participation of all Member States of the United Nations as well as the need for SSOD-IV to review and assess the implementation of SSOD-I, while reaffirming its principles and priorities.
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87. We reaffirm the validity of the objectives of the Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace. We reaffirm the importance of international co-operation to ensure peace, security and stability in the Indian Ocean region. We note that greater efforts and more time are required to facilitate a focused discussion on practical measures to ensure conditions of peace, security and stability in the region. We also note that in light of resolution 54/47 of the United Nations General Assembly, the Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Indian Ocean will continue his informal consultations on the future work of the Committee.
88. We are greatly concerned over acts of terrorism which, under various pretexts and disguises, result in the most flagrant violation of international law including international humanitarian law, and seek to destabilise the prevailing constitutional order and political unity of sovereign States. We declare that terrorism also affects the stability of nations and the very basis of societies especially pluralistic societies and impedes the full enjoyment of the human rights of peoples. We condemn all acts, methods and practices of terrorism as unjustifiable whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them.
89. We welcome with satisfaction the adoption by the General Assembly of the Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism (UNGA resolution 49/60), the Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings and the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and urge that they be implemented. We reiterate our condemnation of all acts, methods and practices of terrorism, as they have adverse consequences, inter alia, on the economic and social development of States. We declare that terrorism also affects the stability of nations and the very basis of societies, especially pluralistic societies. We reiterate the need for the urgent conclusion and the effective implementation of a comprehensive convention for combating international terrorism. In the light of the previous initiatives adopted by NAM, we call for an International Summit Conference under the auspices of the United Nations to formulate a joint organised response of the international community to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. We welcome with satisfaction the UN General Assembly resolution 54/110 which decided that the ad hoc Committee on Terrorism established by resolution 51/210, shall consider the elaboration of a comprehensive convention on international terrorism, and shall address the question of convening a high-level conference under the auspices of the UN to formulate a joint organised response of the international community to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. We further call upon all States to support these initiatives as elaborated above.
90. We reaffirm that criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for whatever purposes are, in any circumstance, unjustifiable, whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them.
91. We reaffirm the Movement's principled position under the international law on the legitimacy of the struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation for national liberation and self-determination, which does not constitute terrorism and we call once again for the definition of terrorism to differentiate it from the legitimate struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation, for self-determination and national liberation.
92. We urge all States to co-operate to enhance international co-operation in the fight against terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and, wherever, by whoever, against whomsoever it occurs, at the national, regional and international levels, and to observe and implement the relevant international and bilateral instruments, taking into account the Final Document of the UN Conference on the Prevention of Crime and Criminal Justice held in Cairo in 1995.
93. We emphasise that international co-operation to combat terrorism should be conducted in conformity with the principles of the United Nations Charter, international law and relevant international conventions, and express our opposition to selective and unilateral actions in violation of principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter. In this context, we call upon the competent United Nations Organs to promote ways and means to strengthen co-operation, including the international legal regime for combating international terrorism.
94. We welcome the adoption of the Convention of the Organisation of African Unity on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism by the Heads of State and Government of the OAU at the Algiers Summit in July 1999, as a positive step in developing a comprehensive legal framework for regional co-operation in combating terrorism and welcome the entry into force of the Arab Convention to Combat Terrorism on 7 May 1999. We also welcome the organisation of the Islamic Conference Convention on Combating International Terrorism adopted by the OIC Ministerial Conference held in Ouagadougou from 28 June to 1 July 1999.
95. We reiterate that all States are under the obligation pursuant to the purposes and principles and other provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and other relevant international instruments, codes of conduct and other rules of international law to refrain from organising, assisting or participating in terrorist acts in the territories of other States or acquiescing in or encouraging activities within their territories directed towards the commission of such acts, including allowing the use of national territories and territories under their jurisdiction for planning and training for that purpose. We solemnly reaffirm our unequivocal condemnation of any political, diplomatic, moral or material support for terrorism. We also call on all States to adhere to and implement existing international conventions against terrorism.
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96. We reiterate our belief that mercenarism, in all its forms, constitutes an obstacle to peace and the exercise of sovereignty by Non-Aligned Countries and endangers the national security of States, especially small States as well as the safety and stability of multi-ethnic States, and impedes the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination. We urge all States to take the necessary steps and to exercise the utmost vigilance against the menace posed by the activities of mercenaries and to take appropriate legislative measures to ensure that their territories and other territories under their control are not used for recruitment, assembly, financing, training and transit of mercenaries for the planning of activities designed to destabilise or overthrow the Government or threaten the territorial integrity and political unity of sovereign States.
97. We recall the Declaration on the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court by the NAM Ministerial Meeting of the Co-ordinating Bureau. We take note of the ongoing discussions in the Preparatory Commission and we stress the need to ensure, during the work of the Preparatory Commission, that the Court is impartial and independent of political organs of the United Nations which should not direct or hinder the functions of the Court nor assume a parallel or superior role to the Court. We also note the importance of safeguarding the integrity of the Statute of the Court, in particular during the work of the Preparatory Commission and emphasise the need to take the necessary measures to ensure the coming into operation of the International Criminal Court.
98. We note the conclusion by the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court of its second reading of the Elements of Crimes and the Rules of Procedure and Evidence. We call on all States to work together to ensure the timely completion of the mandate of the Preparatory Commission in particular with regard to the Rules of Procedure and Evidence and the Elements of Crimes. We also emphasise the need to conclude the ongoing work of the Preparatory Commission with respect to the crime of aggression, which is an important part of the Statute. In this regard, we urge the active and consistent participation of the members of NAM in the Working Group in all issues, particularly with regard to arriving at an acceptable definition of this serious crime.
99. We stress our serious concern on the intention of a group of States to unilaterally re-interpret or re-draft the existing legal instruments in accordance with their own views and interests. We emphasise that the integrity of legal instruments by Member States must be maintained. We also express our deep concern at the most recent experiences in the election of several Treaty Bodies, which resulted in a loss of seats of experts from the Non-Aligned Countries, which resulted in an unbalanced representation of all regions at these bodies. We call upon the Non-Aligned Countries that are parties to the relevant legal treaties to work together in order to redress this anomaly, and underline the need for a more active solidarity and unity among the Non-Aligned Countries by supporting the candidatures of experts from the Non-Aligned Countries.
100. We emphasise the need for a renewal of commitment by the international community to uphold and defend the principles of the UN Charter, the international law, international humanitarian law, and the International Court of Justice as well as the means envisaged in the UN Charter for the pacific settlement of disputes. The Charter refers to the International Court of Justice as the Organisations principal judicial organ. The Security Council should make greater use of the World Court as a source of advisory opinions, and in controversial instances, use it as a source of interpreting relevant international law.
101. We remain firmly opposed to evaluations, certifications and other coercive unilateral measures as a means of exerting pressure on Non-Aligned Countries and other developing countries. Coercive unilateral measures and legislation are contrary to international law, international humanitarian law, the United Nations Charter and the norms and principles governing peaceful relations among states and thus are to be further decried by the international community. We reject the increasing trend in this direction. We strongly object to the extra-territorial nature of those measures, which, in addition, threaten the sovereignty of States and we call on States applying unilateral coercive measures to put an immediate end to those measures.
102. We condemn the continued unilateral application, by certain powers, of coercive economic and other measures, including the enactment of extra-territorial laws, against a number of developing countries, with a view to preventing these countries from exercising their right to decide, by their own free will, their own political, economic and social systems. We call on all countries not to recognise the unilateral extra-territorial laws enacted by certain countries, which impose sanctions on other States and foreign companies and individuals. We reaffirm that such legislation contradict norms of international law and run counter to the principles and purposes of the United Nations.
103. We call on all States to refrain from adopting or implementing extra-territorial or unilateral measures of coercion as means of exerting pressure on Non-Aligned and other developing countries. We note that measures such as Helms-Burton Law, DŽAmato-Kennedy Acts and other laws recently enacted related to other issues, constitute violations of international law and the Charter of the United Nations, and call on the international community to take effective action in order to arrest this trend.
104. We reaffirm the position taken by the XII Summit in Durban on the air attack carried out by the United States government against the Al-Shifa Pharmaceutical Plant in the Sudan on 20 August 1998.
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105. We emphasise the need for a renewal of commitment by the international community to uphold and defend the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law as well as the means envisaged in the United Nations Charter for the pacific settlement of disputes. The role of the Movement in promoting a just international order would largely depend on its inner strength, unity and cohesion. It is therefore, incumbent on all Member Countries to work earnestly towards promoting the solidarity and unity of the Movement.
106. We recall the decisions of the Cartagena Summit to mandate the Co-ordinating Bureau to study further the question of a mechanism for peaceful settlement of disputes between Member Countries, including proposals made and positions expressed at the Summit and to report to the Committee on Methodology. We note that this study has yet to be submitted.
107. We welcome the adoption by the General Assembly of the Declaration and Programme of Action on the Culture of Peace. We call upon states, governments, organisations and peoples to promote a culture of peace based on respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in internal affairs of states, the principles of international relations established in the Charter of the UN, full realisation of the right to development, democracy, tolerance, economic and social development, human rights, elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, foreign occupation, allowing free flow of information, gender mainstreaming, prevention of violence and promotion of non-violence for the creation of an environment of peace and for its consolidation.
108. In this context, we welcome again the proclamation of the year 2000 as the international year for the culture of peace and invite Member States to adopt all necessary measures to commemorate this Year, according to the principles and objectives of the Declaration and Program of Action on a Culture of Peace. We also welcome the proclamation of the period 2001 to 2010 as the international decade for the culture of peace and non-violence for the children of the world.