Chapter II: Analysis of the
109. We reaffirm the positions taken by the XII Summit in Durban on the Question of Palestine and the Situation in the Middle East. We unequivocally support the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including the right to return to their homeland and to have their own independent State with Jerusalem as its capital, and we reiterate our demand for the withdrawal of Israel, the occupying Power, from all of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and the other Arab territories occupied since 1967. We call for the implementation of all United Nations resolutions on the question of Palestine, and reaffirm the permanent responsibility of the United Nations towards the question of Palestine until it is effectively solved in all its aspects.
110. We reaffirm the Movements position on Occupied East Jerusalem, including on illegal Israeli actions aimed at changing the legal status and demographic composition of the city, the illegal Israeli settlements and the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 to all the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem. We demand that Israel, the occupying Power, implement Security Council resolutions in this regard and abide by its legal obligations. We welcome the convening of the conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention on Measures to Enforce the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem on 15 July 1999, as recommended by the resolutions of the 10th Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly. We further welcome the important statement by the Conference, which reaffirms the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and we reiterate support for the reconvening of the Conference should the need arise. We reiterate that Israeli representation in the work of the General Assembly must be in conformity with international law, thus ensuring that Israeli credentials do not cover the territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem. We urge that meetings of international organisations shall not be convened in occupied Jerusalem. We reaffirm our support for the Bethlehem 2000 Project in the Palestinian city of Bethlehem and express confidence that the increased assistance and engagement of the international community will ensure the successful commemoration of the event.
111. We reaffirm that all measures and actions taken, or to be taken by Israel, the occupying power, such as its illegal decision of 14 December 1981 that purports to alter the legal, physical and demographic status of the occupied Syrian Golan and its institutional structure, as well as the Israeli measures to apply its jurisdiction and administration there, are null and void. We also reaffirm that all such measures and actions constitute a flagrant violation of international law, international conventions, the Charter and decisions of the United Nations, particularly Security Council resolution 497 (1981), the Fourth Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 on the protection of civilians in time of war, and the defiance of will of the international community. We demand that Israel comply with Security Council resolution 497 (1981) and withdraw fully from the occupied Syrian Golan, to the lines of 4 June 1967, in implementation of Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and that Israel adheres to the Madrid terms of reference based on the principle of land for peace, which are in their entirety considered to be a primary and basic element in the negotiation process that should be adhered to, including the immediate commencement of the demarcation of the 4 June 1967 line.
112. We reaffirm our unwavering support and solidarity with the Syrian just demand and rights to restore the full Syrian sovereignty over the occupied Syrian Golan on the basis of the terms of reference of the Madrid peace process, the decisions of the international legitimacy, as well as the principle of land for peace. We demand that Israel respect all commitments and pledges it entered into with the aim of laying down the basis for a substantive progress on the Syrian-Israeli track.
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113. While expressing our deep concern over the continued Israeli aggression against Lebanon, and the ensuing illegal detainment of Lebanese nationals, loss of civilian lives and extensive destruction of property and infrastructure, we call on Israel to withdraw immediately, completely and unconditionally from South Lebanon and the Western Bekaa to the internationally recognised boundaries in compliance with Security Council resolutions 425 (1978) and 426 (1978) and to fully and strictly respect the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon. We also maintain that any conditions put forward by Israel for the implementation of resolution 425 (1978) would alter its legal and political structure and are hence unacceptable.
114. We reaffirm the need to achieve comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East. We affirm our determination to actively strive towards the attainment of this objective. We reiterate our support for the Middle East Peace Process based on Security Council resolutions 242, 338 and 425 and the principle of land for peace. We further reiterate the need for compliance with and implementation of the agreements reached between the Palestine Liberation Organisation and Israel as well as the fulfilment of the commitments and pledges made in accordance with the terms of reference of the Madrid Conference and the ensuing negotiations. We reiterate the need to fully respect and adhere to the September 2000 deadline set for the achievement of the final settlement. In this context we believe that the United Nations Millennium Summit should serve as an additional and natural deadline in which Palestine should participate as a UN Member State. We express our grave concern over the current state of affairs in the peace process, particularly the recent disruption of this process on the Syrian and Lebanese tracks. In this regard, we consider the attempts by the Israeli Government to change the terms of reference of the peace process and create a new reality on the ground, as well as its failure to give priority to the core questions, to be an obstacle on the way of realisation of peace.
115. In view of the urgency and seriousness of the situation, we request the Non-Aligned Movement Countries to increase pressure and use all available measures on regional and international level to ensure Israels compliance with the terms of reference of the Madrid Conference and the principle of land for peace and Israels full implementation of all agreements, undertakings, and commitments reached by the concerned parties on all tracks during the peace talks. We also affirm that the failure by the Israeli Government to respond positively would require the Non-Aligned Movement Members to take further appropriate measures.
116. On the situation in Africa, we welcome the establishment of the Open-Ended Working Group on the Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa as called for in the General Assembly resolution 53/92. We urge all members, in particular African countries, to actively and constructively participate in the activities of the working group. We recommend that the General Assembly, the United Nations system, Bretton Woods institutions and other appropriate bodies consider the Secretary-General's report and follow up on the recommendations contained therein in accordance with the priorities of African countries.
117. We reaffirm the existence of an intrinsic link between peace and development, which requires an integrated approach to conflict prevention, resolution and management. In this regard we commend the efforts undertaken by African countries towards the resolution of incipient and persistent conflicts in the continent and call on the United Nations and the international community to support these efforts as well as social and economic development.
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118. We express our deep concern regarding the situation prevailing in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. We regret the violations of the Lusaka Cease-Fire Agreement by some parties, and we condemn the ensuing generalised resumption of fighting. We welcome the Security Council decision to authorise expansion of the UN Observer Mission to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) and reiterate the importance and validity of the Lusaka Cease-fire Agreement of 10 July 1999 as being a fundamental tool in reaching a peaceful settlement to the conflict in this country. We urge the UN Security Council to speedily deploy the UN Peace-Keeping Force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and we call on all parties to rapidly implement the process that should lead to the orderly withdrawal of foreign troops from the Congo territory and promote a solution to the internal problems in this country. We further call upon the parties to the conflict to fully co-operate with the facilitator of the National Dialogue in a way to ensure success of the National Dialogue, and for the international community to provide financial resources into the UN Trust Fund to enable the facilitator to complete his task.
119. We note with concern the lack of progress in the resolution of the crisis of Somalia. We reiterate the call that all Somali factional leaders co-operate in the search of a comprehensive and durable peace in Somalia by adhering to the various agreements reached over the past years, in particular the agreements concluded at Sodere (Ethiopia), Nairobi and Sanaa.
120. We welcome the Cairo Accord signed in Cairo by the Somali Factions in December 1997, and note the outcome of the Addis Ababa Meeting of the National Salvation Council held in January 1998.
121. We reiterate our full support for all efforts made by the international community, including regional actors, in particular the countries of IGAD, to assist in the resolution of the problem of Somalia. In this context, we stress the need for co-ordination of all efforts for peace in Somalia with the regional initiative of IGAD.
122. We welcome the initiative of the President of Djibouti aimed at restoring peace and stability in Somalia and we endorse the call for the faction leaders to recognise and accept the principle that Somalis are free to democratically choose their own regional and national leaders. We call on all states to observe and improve the effectiveness of the arms embargo and to refrain from any action that might exacerbate the situation in Somalia.
123. We reiterate our full support for the efforts of the United Nations, the OAU, the Arab League, and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference to assist in the resolution of the crisis in Somalia. We call upon the United Nations Secretary-General to assist in peace efforts in Somalia.
124. We express serious concern at the spiralling violence and increased insecurity arising from the intensification of intra and inter-clan disputes, and call upon the Somali faction leaders to make a determined effort to bring an end to these intra and inter-clan disputes, which have led to death and destruction of property and threaten to undermine humanitarian relief deliveries and impede the advancement of the peace and national reconciliation process in Somalia.
125. We appeal to the international community to provide humanitarian, economic and reconstruction assistance to the people of Somalia in a well-calibrated manner and with the goal of advancing the peace process and strengthening constituencies for peace.
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126. On the Lockerbie question, we recall the positions of the Movement as outlined in the Final Document of the XII Summit held in Durban in September 1998, and express our satisfaction over the courageous decision of the authorities of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to encourage the two Libyan suspects to stand trial before the Scottish Court sitting in the Netherlands, and support the Jamahiriya s demand for adequate guarantees and conditions to ensure a just and fair trial for the two suspects.
127. We take note of the prompt and unanimous response of the Security Council to steps taken by Libya to bring this matter to a close. In taking these steps, Libya has now fulfilled all its obligations in terms of Security Council resolutions 731 (1992), 748 (1992), 883 (1993) and 1192 (1998) as well as the requirements of resolution 731 (1992). We therefore urge the Security Council to adopt a resolution lifting completely the sanctions against Libya. We support the right of Libya for compensation of the damages it suffered as a result of the sanctions. We also call for the immediate lifting of all unilateral sanctions imposed against Libya outside of the United Nations regime.
128. We express the view, now that the legal process has gone before the Scottish Court as agreed by all parties concerned, that the politicisation, in any form and by any party whatever, and making demands before a final judgement is pronounced in this legal dispute would be unacceptable. Furthermore, inasmuch as the matter is sub-judice, all parties must comply with whatever verdict is reached by the Scottish Court convened in the Netherlands.
129. We note with satisfaction the recent positive developments in Angola, particularly the extension of the government authority and administration throughout the country. We take note of the report of the panel of experts of the United Nations Security Council on Angola and urge the Security Council to adopt the report and pass a resolution on the recommendations contained therein. We believe that action by the Security Council provides the legal basis for outlawing any type of support that UNITA is receiving and will send a clear sign to Mr. Savimbi that he is isolated and the international community can no longer tolerate his actions. We welcome the efforts of the Angolan government to take the necessary and appropriate measures for the reestablishment of security and stability all over the national territory and for the preparation of free and fair democratic elections by the year 2001. We appeal to the international community to provide urgent humanitarian assistance to the people of Angola, and to support the Angolan government efforts in the consolidation of its democratic institutions.
130. We firmly support the mediation efforts being undertaken by the OAU, and its current chairman, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika of Algeria, and appeal to Ethiopia and Eritrea to continue to co-operate fully in the search for a peaceful, fair and lasting solution to the dispute.
131. We take note of the important measures adopted by the Government of Sierra Leone and by the United Revolutionary Front in order to guarantee the application of the Peace Agreement signed in Lomé on 7 July 1999, which provides Sierra Leones people with the opportunity to put an end, in a definite way, to the conflict in that country. We salute the initiatives and actions taken by the Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS aimed at establishing and consolidating peace in Sierra Leone. We commend the Military Observer Group of the ECOWAS (ECOMOG) and the UN Observer Mission in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL) for their outstanding contribution to the achievement of this same objective. At the same time, we welcome the creation of the new Mission of the United Nations in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), the agreement which replaces the UNOMSIL, with the mandate to co-operate with the Government of Sierra Leone and the other parties in order to implement the Peace Agreement. We call on all the parties to fully respect the Lomé Accords and the other subsequent accords in order to restore peace in Sierra Leone, and to respect the mandate of UNAMSIL as stipulated by the Security Council. We instantly invite the international community to continue to provide help and assistance to Sierra Leone, with a view to the reconstruction of the country.
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132. Noting the latest progress in resolving the question of Western Sahara, we reiterate the support of the Movement for the efforts of the United Nations to organise and supervise an impartial, free and fair referendum in accordance with the Settlement Plan, the Houston Agreements and with relevant Security Council and United Nations resolutions.
133. We reaffirm that Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia, is an integral part of the sovereign territory of the Republic of Mauritius. In this regard, we call again on the former colonial power to pursue constructive dialogue expeditiously with Mauritius for the early return of Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia, to the sovereignty of the Republic of Mauritius.
134. Regarding the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, we emphasise that all Member Countries in the Movement are committed to respect the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of both Kuwait and Iraq. We also emphasise that the full implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions constitutes the means of establishing peace, security and stability in the region. In this respect, we stress the importance of Iraq to its completion of implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions.
135. We stress the need to resolve expeditiously the fate of all prisoners/detainees and missing persons of Kuwait and third country nationals by means of serious and sincere co-operation with the International Committee of the Red Cross to reach a solution of this particular issue and to return the properties of the Government of Kuwait including official documents removed from national archives seized by Iraq. In this respect, we recall the appointment of Mr. Yuliy Vorontsov by the Secretary-General as the High Level Co-ordinator to follow-up the release of Kuwaiti and third country prisoners/detainees and the return of Kuwaiti property seized by Iraq.
136. We deplore the imposition and continued military enforcement of "No-Fly Zones" on Iraq by individual countries without any authorisation from the United Nations Security Council or General Assembly. In this respect, we recall the statement on the situation in Iraq issued by the Movement of the Non-Aligned Countries on 17 December 1998, which was issued as a document of UNGA (A/53/762).
137. We strongly condemn the repeated actions of Turkish armed forces violating the territorial integrity of Iraq under the pretext of fighting guerrilla elements hiding inside Iraqi territory. These actions of Turkish armed forces constitute stark illegal violations of the international boundaries mutually recognised between the two countries and a threat to regional and international peace and security. We also reject the so-called "hot-pursuit" measures adopted by Turkey to justify such actions that are abhorrent to international law and to the norms of practice amongst States.
138. We note with deep concern the continuing deterioration of the humanitarian conditions of the Iraqi population due to sanctions. Based upon the principles and decisions of the Movement, we urge Member Countries of the Movement to deploy their efforts to halt this tragedy and help in lifting the sanctions as soon as possible in accordance with relevant Security Council resolutions.
139. We stress the need to work diligently towards resolving the fate of more than 1,150 Iraqi civilians and military personnel who went missing after the military actions of 1991, and whose individual files have been submitted to the ICRC. We also urge that help be extended to Iraq through UNESCO and the other competent bodies for the restoration of all objects of art and antiquity stolen or smuggled out of Iraq during past years.
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140. We are deeply concerned over the fact that the Korean Peninsula still remains divided in spite of the desires and aspirations of the Korean people for reunification, and reaffirm the support to the Korean people to reunify their homeland in accordance with the three principles set forth in the North-South Joint Statement on 4 July 1972 and through dialogue and negotiations on the basis of the Agreement on Reconciliation, Non-Aggression, and co-operation and Exchange between the North and South concluded in February 1992. We consider the importance of guaranteeing a durable peace and security in the Korean Peninsula for the sake of the common prosperity of the Korean People as well as peace and security in North-East Asia and the rest of the world.
141. Recalling paragraphs 245251 of the Final Document adopted by the XII NAM Summit at Durban, paragraph 97 of the Final Communiqué of the Meeting of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of NAM held on 23 September 1999, the UNGA resolutions 53/203, 54/185, and 54/189, UNSC resolutions 1214 of 8 December 1998 and 1267 of 15 October 1999, Presidential Statements of the Security Council of 22 October 1999 and 7 April 2000, the press statements by the President of the Security Council on 5 August 1999 and 3 March 2000, and while reiterating our commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Afghanistan, we call upon all States concerned to immediately end the supply of arms, ammunition, military equipment, training or other military support to all parties to the conflict in Afghanistan, including the presence and involvement of all foreign military personnel. We express serious concern over the military offensives immediately after the Tashkent meeting of "six plus two" group and the recent offensives during March 2000, launched by the Taliban, in defiance of appeals by the international community, condemn the forceful displacement of civilians in Afghanistan as a gross violation of international humanitarian law. We are convinced, as the recent developments in the battlefield clearly demonstrated, that there is no military solution to the Afghan conflict and call upon all Afghan parties to cease immediately all armed hostilities, to renounce the use of force and to engage, without preconditions, in a genuine and serious political dialogue aimed at achieving a lasting political settlement acceptable to all Afghans. We note with concern the report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan. We welcome the initiative taken by H.E. President Mohammad Khatami of Iran in his capacity as the Chairman of the VIII Islamic Summit in sending a delegation of OIC to a number of countries in the region with the purpose of developing, in line with the central peace-making role of the United Nations, a comprehensive, commonly agreeable plan of action to achieve peace in Afghanistan. We reaffirm that the United Nations must continue to play its central and impartial role in international efforts towards a peaceful resolution of the Afghan conflict. We reaffirm the need for creating a broad based, multi-ethnic and fully representative government by the Afghans themselves, which would protect the rights of all Afghans and observe the international obligations of Afghanistan. We express concern over actions undermining the security of State frontiers. We condemn the murder of Iranian diplomats and a journalist in the Consulate General of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Mazar-e-Sharif by the Taliban forces and note with disappointment the delay by the Taliban to fulfil its obligation, investigate, and help to bring those responsible for this tragedy and for the killing of UN officials to justice.
142. We strongly condemn the continuing use of Afghan territory, especially areas controlled by the Taliban, for the sheltering and training of terrorists and planning of terrorist acts, and reaffirm our conviction that the suppression of international terrorism is essential for the maintenance of international peace and security. We insist that the Taliban cease the provision of sanctuary and training for international terrorists and their organisations, take effective measures to ensure that the territory under its control is not used for terrorist installations and camps or for the preparation or organisation of terrorist acts against other States or their citizens, and co-operate with efforts to bring indicted terrorists to justice.
143. We are deeply disturbed also by a significant increase in the cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs in Afghanistan, especially in areas controlled by the Taliban, which will contribute to the war-making capabilities of the Afghans and will have even more serious international consequences. We demand that the Taliban, as well as others, halt all illegal drug activities. We call upon Member States, in particular those neighbouring Afghanistan, and all others concerned to undertake concerted measures to stop the trafficking of illegal drugs from Afghanistan.
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144. We recognise the important role of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in maintaining peace, stability and prosperity in the region and in enhancing co-operation in the wider Asia-Pacific region. We also recognise the role of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in promoting political security dialogue and mutual confidence among its participants. We welcome the progress of ASEAN continuing efforts to realise the objective of establishing a Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality in Southeast Asia (ZOPFAN) and the convening of the first meeting of the Commission of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (SEANWFZ) in July 1999. We encourage all nuclear-weapon States to extend their support and co-operation to the SEANWFZ Treaty, in July 1999 by acceding to its Protocol. We consider the admission of Cambodia in ASEAN in July 1999 as a significant milestone in ASEAN fulfilment of its vision and making all the countries of the Southeast Asian region as part of a single community. We welcome the commitment made by the leaders of ASEAN and three countries in the North-East Asian region to enhance interaction and establish linkages in order to increase opportunities for close co-operation and collaboration with each other, thereby strengthening the elements essential for the promotion of peace, stability and prosperity in the East Asian region.
145. We reiterate our call to solve all sovereignty and territorial disputes in the South China Sea by peaceful means without resorting to force and/or threat to use force, and urge all parties to exercise restraint with a view to creating a positive climate for the eventual resolution of all contentious issues. We express concern over recent developments that may lead to a deterioration of peace and stability in the region. In this context, we express support for the principles contained in the 1992 ASEAN Declaration on the South China Sea, and stress the need for the full implementation of such principles by all concerned. We express the hope that all concerned would refrain from further actions that may undermine peace, stability, trust and confidence in the region, including possibly undermining freedom of navigation and aviation in affected areas. We urge all claimants to address the issue in various bilateral and multilateral fora and in this regard reiterate the significance of promoting all types of confidence building measures among all parties. To this end, we recognise the positive contribution of the on-going bilateral and multilateral consultations among the parties concerned at the intergovernmental level, the extensive consultations at the ASEAN-China Dialogue, including the consultations to conclude a regional code of conduct in the South China Sea, the regular exchange of views in the ARF, and the on-going informal Workshops on Managing Potential Conflicts in the South China Sea and encourage their continuance.
146. We reaffirm all previous positions and declarations of the NAM on the question of Cyprus. The Movement considers the present status quo in Cyprus, established through the use of force and sustained by military strength, as unacceptable and is deeply concerned over the lack of progress in the search for a just and viable solution to this long-lasting question, primarily due to Turkish intransigence. Efforts towards finding a just and viable solution to the Cyprus problem, based on the implementation of all United Nations resolutions and NAM´s decisions on Cyprus, in accordance with the principles and positions of the United Nations Charter and the rule of international law, must be intensified. The Movement considers any attempt for a change of the basis of the inter-communal dialogue held under the mandate of the Secretary-General, as unacceptable. In this regard, the Movement welcomes the two recent rounds of proximity talks held under UN auspices, following the invitation of the UN Secretary-General as called for by the relevant Security Council resolutions. The Movement urges both sides to participate in the next round of talks to be held in May, in a positive and constructive spirit in order to pave the way for a solution to this long overdue problem.
147. On developments in the Mediterranean region, we reiterate our determination to intensify the process of dialogue and consultations in the promotion of comprehensive and equitable co-operation in the region towards resolving the problems existing in the Mediterranean region, in the elimination of the causes of tension and the consequent threat to peace and security. Respect for the right to self-determination, elimination of foreign occupation and foreign bases and fleets, non-interference in the internal affairs and respect for the sovereignty of States are prerequisites for the establishment of peace and stability in the Mediterranean region.
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148. We call upon the Government of the United States of America to put an end to the economic, commercial and financial embargo against Cuba which, in addition to being unilateral and contrary to the UN Charter and International Law, and to the principle of neighbourliness, cause huge material losses and economic damage to the people of Cuba. We request once again strict compliance with the resolutions 47/19, 48/16, 49/9, 50/10, 51/17, 52/10, 53/4, 54/21 of the United Nations General Assembly. We express deep concern over the widening of the extra-territorial nature of the embargo against Cuba and over continuous new legislative measure geared to intensifying it. We also urge the US Government to return the territory now occupied by the Guantanamo Naval Base to Cuban sovereignty and to put an end to aggressive radio and TV transmission against Cuba.
149. We welcome the significant progress accomplished by the Governments of Peru and Ecuador in the implementation of the peace agreements signed in Brasilia, and call upon the international community to continue to participate actively in the financing of projects being implemented by both countries, for the development of their border regions. Within the same context, we also welcome the recent signing of bilateral agreements by countries of the region, which constitute a matter of significant relevance within the current context of integration and trust among the nations of Latin America and the Caribbean. These agreements contribute in a meaningful way towards the strengthening of the rule of international law and the consolidation of a regional political scenario of peace, friendship, co-operation and development.
150. We take note with satisfaction that the transfer of the Panama Canal from the United States of America to Panama, as provided in the Panama Canal Treaty, was completed in December 1999. We express our appreciation for the Panamanian people for this historic achievement. We also note with satisfaction the measures by the Government of Panama for the purpose of continuing to guarantee the efficient functioning of the Canal and its uninterrupted use by ships of all nations. We recognise the importance of the peaceful and secure use of the Canal to world commerce and navigation, and in that context, we underline the importance of its policy of neutrality.
151. We recall that the Movement has closely followed the development in the Belize-Guatemala territorial dispute and the Movements consistent expressions of support to Belize in this regard. We are mindful of the fundamental principles of the Movement, which uphold respect for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of States. Aware of the resumption of bilateral talks on this issue, we call on both parties to continue the process of dialogue aimed at the early and peaceful resolution of their differences, in accordance with the principles of international law.
152. We take note of the firm commitment of Guyana and Venezuela to peacefully resolve the controversy, which exists between them. In this regard, we fully support the parties in their decision to continue to avail themselves of the good offices of the United Nations Secretary-General and his Special Representative in order to reach a final settlement as called for by the Geneva Agreement of 1966. We welcome the initiative undertaken by the two countries to enhance functional co-operation by the establishment in March 1999 of a High-Level Bilateral Commission.