240. We express our commitment to the accelerated implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and Program of Action and in this regard, look forward to the review of the implementation of the outcome of the Social Summit in June 2000. The international community must maintain the momentum generated by the Social Summit geared at the eradication of poverty, the generation of full employment, and promotion and achievement of social integration and the attainment of broad social development, while taking action to mitigate those aspects of globalisation, which impact negatively in our economies.
241. We stress that the eradication of poverty through sustained and accelerated economic growth continues to remain the overriding priority for developing countries. In this context, we stress the need for a supportive international economic and financial environment to address long-term problems of poverty and underdevelopment and reaffirm the need to facilitate the efforts for the eradication of poverty and the improvement of the well being of our people. We also stress the need for a holistic approach and gender mainstreaming in this regard. We further encourage exchange of experiences among Non-Aligned Movement Members and other developing countries on poverty eradication, strategies and programmes with a view to enhancing capacity in dealing with poverty issues. We welcome the initiative launched by H.E. Mr. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, President of the Republic of Tunisia, for the creation of a World Solidarity Fund. In this regard, we take note of the endorsement of this initiative by the 71st Session of the OAU Ministerial Council, held in Addis Ababa, in March 2000 and encourage efforts by Member States towards its establishment.
242. We reaffirm the importance of health as indispensable resource for sustainable development, and in this regard, we are deeply concerned that HIV/Aids, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases continue to threaten the achievement of economic and developmental goals of developing countries. We welcome in this regard, efforts by the UN Secretary-General to put the issue of HIV/Aids on the international agenda. We urge the international community including the World Health Organisation, to make greater efforts in the fight against HIV/Aids and in facilitating access to safe and affordable essential medicines aimed at eradicating this scourge and other communicable diseases.
243. We welcome the successful outcome of the Special Session of the UN General Assembly held in July 1999 on the Review of the Implementation of the Cairo Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and urge the international community to intensify its efforts to achieve the goals of the programme through, inter alia, increasing financial resource mobilisation.
244. We express our concern for the high-level of illiteracy in many NAM Countries. Though recognising that this issue should be primarily dealt with within the framework of domestic policies, effort should be made to reduce the level of illiteracy in NAM Countries through the promotion of South-South Co-operation, education being one of the conditions for genuine development, greater consideration should be given to this issue in international fora.
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245. We reiterate our call on member countries of the Movement and the international community to work towards the effective respect for the human dignity and well being of migrants, international norms and full compliance with relevant international instruments. We express our concern over the emergence of stringent immigration policies in various developed countries, which severely restrict the free movement of people and breed xenophobia. We also express deep concern over new immigration laws and regulations recently by some developed countries, which could lead to massive deportations of immigrants from Non-Aligned Countries and other developing countries in violation of their fundamental human rights. We call upon those developed countries to take fully into account the social and economic effects those deportations would have on the affected developing countries, particularly those facing high debt burdens and high unemployment situations. We encourage all countries to consider becoming parties to the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers.
246. We welcome the preparatory process for the Special Session of the UN General Assembly for an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of Habitat Agenda, Istanbul + 5, to be held in June 2001. We invite all members to participate actively in the Preparatory Committee meetings in order to obtain the best results during the Special Session in considering our concerns in the implementation of various areas of the Habitat Agenda.
247. We reaffirm that all human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated and that the international community must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing and with the same emphasis, and that the significance of national and regional particularities and various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds must be respected. It is the duty of States, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms of all peoples, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, the Declaration of the Right to Development and other international human rights instruments. Furthermore, we agree to work towards the transformation and the continuing adaptation of human rights machinery to current and future needs in the promotion and protection of human rights.
248. We stress that the human rights issues must be addressed within the global context through a constructive, dialogue-based approach, with objectivity, respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity, impartiality, non-selectivity and transparency as the guiding principles, taking into account the political, historical, social, religious and cultural characteristics of each country. Exploitation of human rights for political purposes, including selective targeting of individual countries for extraneous considerations, which is contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, should be excluded. We emphasise that co-ordination of human rights activities must be carried out by United Nations organs, bodies and specialised agencies, whose activities deal with human rights, so as to co-operate in order to strengthen, rationalise and streamline those activities, taking into account the need to avoid duplication.
249. We reiterate our view that every State should provide an effective framework for the protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, and other relevant international instruments on human rights, as well as a framework of remedies to redress human rights grievances or violations. In this context, we reaffirm the important and constructive role to be played by independent national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights and stress that every effort should be made for the impartiality and objectivity of national institutions and call upon the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to provide greater assistance upon request by interested governments in the establishment and operations of the national institutions. Each national institution has the right to choose its framework in accordance with national legislation.
250. We urge States to ensure that their constitutional and legal systems, taking into account the respective country conditions, provide effective guarantees for fundamental human rights such as freedom of speech, association, thought, conscience, religion and belief to all without discrimination. We condemn unequivocally all violent acts and activities, which infringe upon human rights and fundamental freedoms, democracy, tolerance and respect for diversity.
251. We reaffirm that democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development, are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Adoption, for any cause or consideration, of coercive and unilateral measures, rules and policies against developing countries constitute flagrant violations of the basic rights of their populations. We also reaffirm that poverty and social and economic exclusion constitute a violation of human dignity and human rights. It is essential for States to promote efforts to combat abject poverty and as well as, foster participation by the poorest members of society in decision-making process. In this context, we also urge developed countries to assist the developing countries particularly the LDCs in fulfilling the basic needs of the society determined for the purpose of right to development.
252. We express our deep concern over the lack of progress in the negotiations in the Third Committee Working Group of the UNGA on the adaptation of the UN human rights machinery mandated by paragraph 17 of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action which we attribute to a lack of political will on the part of developed countries. We are also concerned over the tendency of imposing a particular agenda and monitoring approaches at the expense of the role of development and international co-operation in the overall promotion and protection of human rights.
253. We unequivocally condemn international terrorism as a criminal act and note that terrorism endangers the very territorial integrity and security of States, due to acts of terrorism which take place within States, especially those which violate human rights in particular the right of life of all citizens and that destroy the physical and economic infrastructure, and attempt to de-stabilise legitimately constituted governments. We express our resolve to take speedy and effective measures to eliminate international terrorism and urged all states to fulfil their obligations under international law, including prosecuting or, where appropriate, extraditing the perpetrators of such acts and preventing the organisation and instigation of terrorism against other States from within outside their territories. We reaffirm our support for General Assembly resolution 46/51 of 27 January 1992 which unequivocally condemned as criminal and unjustifiable all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever and by whomever committed and called upon all States to fulfil their obligations under international laws to refrain from organising, instigating, assisting or participating in terrorist acts in other State, or acquiescing in or encouraging activities within their territory towards the commissioning of such acts .
254. We further call on all States to endorse in principle the convening of an international conference under the auspices of the United Nations, to define terrorism, to differentiate it from the struggle for national liberation and to reach comprehensive and effective measures for concerted action. We also denounce the brutalisation of peoples kept under foreign occupation as the gravest form of terrorism. We condemn the use of state power for the suppression and violence against innocent civilians struggling against foreign occupation to exercise their inalienable right to self-determination. We stress the sanctity of this right and urged that in this era of enlarged freedom and democracy, people under foreign occupation should be allowed to freely determine their destiny. In this context, we reaffirm the Movement's principled position that the struggle of people under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation for self-determination do not constitute terrorism.
255. We recall General Assembly resolution 52/133 entitled "Human Rights and Terrorism" and renew our concern at the gross violation of human rights perpetrated by terrorist groups, and reiterate our condemnation of all acts, methods and practices of terrorism. We also call for the need to promote and intensify international co-operation in order to implement effective measures against terrorism.
256. We remain determined to promote and protect all human rights, including the right to development, as enunciated in the Declaration on the Right to Development. While stressing the indivisible nature of all human rights, we emphasise on the importance of the right to development as a universal and inalienable right and as an integral part of the fundamental human rights. In this regard, we welcome the greater acceptance of the implementation and realisation of the right to development by the international community and call on all States to undertake necessary policy formulation and institute measures required for the implementation of the right to development as a fundamental human right. The United Nations Commission on Human Rights' Open-Ended Working Group on the Right to Development should give consideration, inter alia, to the question of the necessity for a Convention on the Right to Development. We emphasise the need that the Independent Expert on the Right to Development should be provided with the adequate and necessary resources in order to fulfil his mandate.
257. We fully support the regional initiatives and efforts to maintain over all development in the advancement of people and individuals, such as the comprehensive development strategy, which was adopted by the nineteenth session of the Supreme Council of the Gulf Co-operation Council, held in Abu Dhabi in 1998.
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258. We express our concern over the continuous erosion in the respect for international humanitarian law and principles, both in terms of denial of safe and unimpeded access in accordance with international humanitarian law to people in need and through increasing violence against all those protected by international humanitarian law. We therefore urge all parties to conflicts to respect international humanitarian law and human rights instruments, stress the importance of the promotion and diffusion of these laws and instruments and call upon all parties to take measures to ensure the safety and the security of international and local humanitarian personnel.
259. We reiterate that priority should be given to promoting knowledge of, respect for and observance of the rules of international humanitarian law, in particular those of the four Geneva Conventions and their 1977 Protocols, and we encourage States to consider ratifying or acceding the two 1977 Additional Protocols, in particular we recognise the obligation of the parties in armed conflicts not of international character to apply the provisions contained in he common Article 3. We also underline the importance of national implementation of international humanitarian law and urge all States to take such measures as may be necessary to implement their international obligations, including the enactment of legislation and/or regulations.
260. We condemn the increasing attacks on the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and urge all Member Countries to ensure respect for the protection of the personnel of humanitarian organisations in conformity with the relevant international law. Humanitarian agencies and their personnel should respect the laws of the countries they work in and the principles of neutrality and non-interference, as well as cultural, religious and other values of the population in the countries where they operate.
261. We recognise the need for rules to protect and preserve cultural property, as such objects constitute the collective memory of humanity and are examples of its greatest achievements. We take note of the adoption of the Second Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict in this regard, and invite those States which have not yet done so to considering ratifying the 1954 Convention and its two additional Protocols.
262. We take note of the adoption of the Plan of Action on humanitarian issues and the pledges made by the 27th International Red Cross and Red Crescent Conference (Geneva, 31 October - 6 November 1999) including better response to the needs of victims of armed conflict. As parties to the Geneva Conventions, we commit ourselves to fully adhere to our obligations under these Conventions.
263. We reaffirm the distinction between humanitarian action and UN peace-keeping and peace enforcement operations as well as operational activities for development and emphasise that humanitarian assistance is designed to address the consequences, and not the causes thereof. In order to pursue the independence, neutrality and the impartiality of humanitarian action, such action must be kept distinct from, and independent of political or military action, in accordance with respective mandates while ensuring the observance of international laws. We reject the so-called "right" of humanitarian intervention, which has no legal basis in the UN Charter or in the general principles of international law. In this context, we request the Co-ordinating Bureau in New York to continue to remain seized of the consideration of the concept of humanitarian intervention and other related matters as contained in the 1999 Report of the UN Secretary-General on the Work of the Organisation.
264. We express concern over the lack of adequate resources for responding to and addressing humanitarian emergencies in a uniform manner across the globe without humanitarian favouritism and, more specifically, the process of transition from relief to development and regret the persistent trend of low and uneven funding for humanitarian assistance. We reiterate that failure to provide adequate resources and balanced contributions, both geographically and sectorally undermines the Guiding Principles of Humanitarian Assistance, and weakens the ability of humanitarian actors to respond in a coherent and timely manner to emergencies. We therefore call upon donor countries to increase their contributions to humanitarian appeals commensurate with the needs of affected populations, without being influenced by levels of media interest or geographic location of the emergency requiring humanitarian assistance. At the same time, contributions for humanitarian assistance should not be at the expense of development assistance. Furthermore, we call on the United Nations to fully utilise the capacities existing within developing countries, which are available closer to the site of a disaster and often at lower cost.
265. We reiterate our deep concern over the considerable rise in the number of refugees and note with concern the increasingly large numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons being hosted by developing countries. We also acknowledge the urgent need to further sensitise the international community, particularly the donor community and the international financial institutions, to the ever-increasing problems of refugee hosting developing countries and developing countries in situations of post-conflict reconstruction of those with protracted and heavy refugee caseloads. We stress the necessity of international burden sharing and responsibility in refugee situations. We reiterate the call for intensified financial and moral support to developing countries, upon request and while scrupulously observing the principles of neutrality, non-conditionality and non-interference.
266. We reaffirm that international humanitarian assistance to respond to humanitarian emergencies, including, natural disasters must be provided upon request, in accordance with the principles of neutrality, humanity and impartiality and should be determined solely on the basis of the human dimension and needs arising out of the particular natural disaster. In this respect, we stress the need to increase the funds for international co-operation for natural disasters, as well as for the needs to set out disaster prevention and management mechanisms, including early warning systems, taking into account particularly the work accomplished on the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction and transition from relief to development, in view of the increasing number and scale of natural disasters world-wide, in particular in developing countries.
267. We express our deep concern over the unprecedented floods in southern Africa and Mozambique in particular, that have caused loss of lives, extensive destruction of infrastructures and deterioration of the socio-economic situation. The unfolding humanitarian disaster is a further cause of concern. We commend the efforts of southern Africa development community (SADC) countries to address the devastating effects of the floods and thank the international community for the support, solidarity and humanitarian assistance rendered to Mozambique. We urge the international community to participate in the International Donors Conference to be held in Rome on 3 and 4 May 2000, aimed at mobilising financial resources for the rehabilitation of socio-economic infrastructures in Mozambique. We also urge the developed countries to write-off the external debt of Mozambique in the light of its current critical socio-economic situation and support the post-conflict peace-building process in Mozambique.
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268. We reiterate our opposition to all forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and express deep concern on the resurgence of contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance in various parts of the world. All forms of racism and xenophobia constitute a serious violation of human rights, which should be rejected through all political and legal means. We condemn all forms of racism and discrimination spread through the new communications technology, including the internet. We welcome the decision to convene a "World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance" in the year 2001 in South Africa. We call on all States to render the necessary support to the preparatory process geared at the holding of the conference.
269. We pledge our support to the Special Session of the General Assembly on "Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century", reaffirming our commitment to the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. We also reiterate that there is a need for the adoption of effective measures to integrate a gender perspective, to removing the main obstacles to the achievement of equality and equity between men and women, development and peace, and particularly eradicating poverty. We recognise women important role in social and economic development and reiterate the need to take practical measures for their active participation in political, economic, social and cultural activities. We also reiterate that there is a need for a holistic approach through the entire life cycle of women including, the empowerment of women and economic independence of women and the full enjoyment of all human rights by women and girls. In particular, situation of girls and women living in rural areas should be given due priority.
270. We pledge ourselves to combating all forms of discrimination against women, and to supporting measures to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against and trafficking in girls and women. There is also a need to strengthen the promotion of an active and visible policy of mainstreaming a gender perspective at national and multilateral levels, including in the design, follow-up and gender-based evaluation of all policies, as appropriate, in order to ensure effective implementation of the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women in particular and the advancement of women in general. We also recognise the importance of mainstreaming a gender perspective in the process of implementation of the outcome of major United Nations conferences.
271. We reaffirm that today major changes in social development patterns, including providing possibilities for active participation of women, are considered among the top priorities for achieving sustainable development. In this regard, the role of the family unit that respect the human rights of all its members as an institution that provides the highest degree of material and moral well-being, is extremely important.
272. We reiterate abhorrence at the increasing victimisation of, and violence against, women and the girl child, especially in situations of armed conflict, and the systematic use of rape by the parties to conflicts as an instrument of war, ethnic cleansing and terrorism. We call on countries to take the necessary measures against all such perpetrators of violence in order to put an end to such practices forthwith and to ensure international law and domestic legislation, make provision for the protection of women and girls in armed conflict. In this regard, we reaffirm Chapter IV.E of the Beijing Platform for Action, on Women and Armed Conflict.
273. We recognise womens contribution to peace-building, peace-making and conflict resolution.
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274. We welcome the decision to convene a Special Session of the General Assembly in the year 2001 to review the implementation of the Program of Action of the World Summit of Children, and express our commitment to participate fully in the preparatory process for the Special Session with a view to improving the lives of children in our countries. We are concerned that economic and social marginalization of developing countries, especially the poorest nations is leading to a deleterious impact on children.
275. We are also concerned over the intolerable persistence of adverse social and economic conditions faced by children on account of poverty, use of children in armed conflict, including child mercenaries, child labour, particularly the worst forms of child labour, the continued exploitation and trafficking of children for pornography, prostitution and drug trafficking, the increasing number of children affected by HIV/AIDS, as well as at the suffering of refugee and displaced children. Urgent steps, including through international co-operation, must be undertaken to address these problems
276. We take note of the adoption by a working group mandated by the Commission of Human Rights of a draft Optional Protocol to the Convention of the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflicts. We encourage all States to deal with the question of minimum age limit for recruitment and participation of children in armed conflict in accordance with articles 1 to 4 of the draft Protocol. We further express our conviction of the need to strengthen international co-operation for the implementation of the Protocol and the rehabilitation and social integration of children who are victims of armed conflict. We also welcome the entry into force of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, and in particular the protection the Charter offers to children affected by armed conflict.
277. We take note of the ongoing work on drafting an Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child pornography and child prostitution, to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. We call upon States, in cases of child sex tourism, to enhance international co-operation among all relevant authorities, in particular law enforcement authorities, including the sharing of relevant data, in order to eradicate this practice. We also stress the need to combat the existence of a market that encourages such criminal practices against children, including through preventive and enforcement measures, targeting customers or individuals who sexually exploit or abuse children.
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278. We reaffirm our commitment to co-ordinate the efforts and strategies at national, regional and international levels against transnational crime and to develop an adequate database on transnational crime and the methods most effective in combating crime of this nature. We also reaffirm that international efforts against transnational crime should be carried out with the necessary respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States.
279. We note the ongoing process to draft an International Convention against Organised Transnational Crime, as well as its additional Protocols on trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, on combating illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, and on illegal trafficking in and transportation of migrants. We emphasise the need for the effective participation of all developing countries, particularly members of the Movement, in the negotiations on the draft Convention and its three protocols in the Ad-hoc Committee. We express our concern that, owing to the pace of negotiations and their simultaneity, many NAM and other developing countries have not been able to ensure such effective participation.
280. We reiterate the call for enhanced international co-operation in favour of alternative development programs and for environmental rehabilitation in the areas of illicit crop cultivation. We also call upon the United Nations Drug Control Program and developed countries to fully support developing countries in their fight against illicit drugs, through providing them with adequate financial and technical assistance.
281. We also remain committed to the pledge undertaken at the Eleventh Summit to strengthen international co-operation to eradicate the growing and dangerous links between terrorist groups, drug traffickers and their paramilitary gangs, and other armed criminal groups which have resorted to all types of violence, thus undermining the democratic institutions of States and violating basic human rights. Effective measures must be taken to halt the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, which is linked to the drug trade and which is generating unacceptable levels of crime and violence affecting the national security and the economies of many States.
282. We reaffirm the determination to achieve concrete results on all the action plans by the 20th Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, on the basis of the principles of shared responsibility for addressing the demand and supply-side of drug trafficking, in conformity with principles and purposes enshrined in the UN Charter and other International instruments, in particular respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, and non-interference in the internal affairs of States.
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The delegation of Burkina Faso, who could greatly wish that the consensus be done around the examination of the question on Angola, puts forward reservations on the entire paragraph 129 of the Final Document ref. NAM/MC/1/Rev.2.
Indeed the delegation of Burkina Faso considers that he cant endorse a text that requires the Security Council to adopt a report of Experts Committee on Angola, even though the examination of this report by this same Security Council is always hanging.
The Delegation of Chile has the honour to address the Secretariat of the XIII Ministerial Conference of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, and in connection with the Final Declaration would like to express its reservations with regard to all those paragraphs whose contents may be incompatible with the external policies and/or juridical order or international obligations assumed by the Republic of Chile.
Furthermore, it also wishes to state that inasmuch as the paragraphs in Chapter II, "Analysis of the International Situation" refer to actions which concern certain Member States or to bilateral conflicts, the contents of those paragraphs, judgements and qualifications, would only have value linked to those countries and not necessarily to the other members of the Movement.
The Delegation of Chile believes that those paragraphs reflecting particular interests of delegations should be placed in a document annexed to the Final Declaration and not form part of the central body of the same.
The Delegation of Chile avails of this opportunity to reiterate to the Secretariat of the XIII Ministerial Conference of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries the assurances of its distinguished consideration.
The Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations, and has the honor to refer to the communication of the Chairman of the Coordinating Bureau of the Non-Aligned Movement of April 13, regarding the Final Document of the XIII Ministerial Conference of NAM, held in Cartagena, Colombia, on 8-9 April. In this regard, the Permanent Mission of Guatemala wishes to submit its reservation regarding paragraphs 109 to 152, in those aspects which do not reflect the position that the delegation of Guatemala customarily assumes on the same issues in the General Assembly of the United Nations. The Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of its highest consideration.
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The Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations, in its capacity as the Chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement Ministerial Conference in Cartagena, and has the honour to refer to the Communiqué adopted by the NAM Ministerial Conference in Cartagena on 9th April, 2000.
As conveyed by the Indian delegation at the Ministerial Conference, it is Indias view that the Movement must concentrate on the common external challenges that continue to mount, and which all developing countries, including members of the Movement, must face unitedly. The Movement should, therefore, focus on causes that bind its members together, and shun those that divide it. It should not waste its energies, or let its unity be undermined, by pursuing agendas that are either divisive or controversial within the Movement.
It is for these reasons that India opposes the proposal to have a study conducted on a conflict resolution mechanism for the Movement, and wishes to convey its formal reservation to paragraph 106 of the Communiqué adopted by the NAM Ministerial Conference in Cartagena on 9th April, 2000.
The Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of its highest consideration.
The delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the XIII Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement declares its reservation on those parts of the Final Document of the Conference (NAM/MC/1/Rev.2) which might be construed as any form of recognition of Israel.
The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Iraq to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Colombia to the United Nations, and with reference to the Final Document of the XIII Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement, has the honor to convey that the Government of Iraq, in addition to its oral reservations on paragraphs 134 and 135 entitled "Iraq-Kuwait", would like also to submit its strong reservations in writing on these two paragraphs as follows:
1- Paragraph 134 concerning the "importance of Iraq to its completion of implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions". Our reservations are the following:
a) This paragraph contradicts with the fact that the responsibility of implementation of Security Council Resolutions falls on all member states of the United Nations, and in particular the Permanent Members of the Security Council. This paragraph also contradicts with the latest position of the Non-Aligned Movement expressed in its statement of December 17, 1998 (United Nations General Assembly Document A/53/762) in which "the movement deplores the ongoing military actions against Iraq by individual countries without any authorization from the Security Council in flagrant disregard of the Charter of the United Nations. The Movement emphasizes that the full implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions by all parties constitutes the only means for establishing durable peace, security and stability in the region."
b) This paragraph ignores the fact that two permanent members of the Security Council, namely the United States and the United Kingdom are violating, daily and constantly, the Security Council resolutions on Iraq through imposing, by force, the no-fly zones on Iraq contrary to the provisions of these resolutions which call for the respect of Iraq's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. The daily bombing of Iraqi civilian infrastructure by the United States and the United Kingdom is another example of acts of aggression. The logistical support provided by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Turkey to the United States and the United Kingdom makes them key partners in the aggression against Iraq.
2- Paragraph 134 concerning the "need to resolve expeditiously the fate of all prisoners/detainees and missing persons of Kuwait and third country nationals" and recalling "the appointment of Mr. Yuly Vorontsov by the Secretary General as the high level coordinator to follow up the release of Kuwaitis and third country nationals and prisoner/detainees and the return of Kuwaiti property." Our reservations are the following:
a) The issue of Missing in Action is a humanitarian one, and there should be no selectivity or double standard in mentioning a nationality and ignoring others. Since there are more Iraqis Missing in Action than other nationalities, this paragraph should make reference to them as well.
b) Humanitarian issues should not be politicized; the reference to the appointment of Mr. Yuly Vorontsov is an attempt to politicize the issue.
The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Iraq to the United Nation avails itself of this opportunity to renew the assurances of its highest consideration.
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The Permanent Representative of the State of Kuwait to the United Nations presents his compliments to the Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations and with reference to the final communiqué of the XIII Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement held recently in Cartagena, Colombia from 7-9 April 2000, wishes to register the Government of Kuwait's strong reservations on paragraphs 136 and 139 under the title "Iraq".
Kuwait would like to see the above-mentioned reservations reflected in the final official communiqué of the XIII Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement held recently in Cartagena, Colombia.
The Permanent Representative of the State of Kuwait to the United Nations avails himself of this opportunity to renew to the Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of his highest consideration.
The Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations and has the honour to record its reservation on paragraph 17 bis regarding the Plan of Action as contained in the Final Document of the XIII Ministerial Conference of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries held in Cartagena, 8-9 April 2000, circulated under symbol NAM/MC/1/Rev.2.
According to para 40 of the Durban Final Document, the Working Group entrusted with the task of defining and preparing a complete Plan of Action for the Movement, is to report to the Ministerial Meeting on Methodology through the NAM Coordinating Bureau. As such, the Plan of Action needs to be presented to the Ministerial Meeting on Methodology and not to the Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The Permanent Mission of Pakistan would request that the reservation be appropriately reflected in the Final Document of the XIII Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement held in Cartagena, 8-9 April 2000.
The Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the United Nations avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of its highest consideration.
The Permanent Mission of Peru to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations, in its capacity as Chairman of the XIII Ministerial Meeting of the Movement of the Non-Aligned Countries, and regarding the documents adopted by this conference, has the honor to inform that the Government of Peru wishes to submit its reservations on all those paragraphs of the referred documents whose contents are incompatible with its external, economic, social or legal policies.
The Permanent Mission of Peru would like that this verbal note be attached to the publication of the Final Document of the mentioned meeting.
The Permanent Mission of Peru to the United Nations avails itself of this opportunity to reiterate to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of its highest and distinguished consideration.
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The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Rwanda wishes to dissociate itself from the language used in para 129 on Angola, in its fourth line where it is written and we quote: "and urge the Security Council to adopt the report, etc etc" unquote
Adopt is not the right word and we have no problem with the rest of the text. The language urging the Security Council to adopt the report supposes that the UNSC has examined and debated the report. This is not the case. Members of the Security Council in this room will tell you that the first informal consultations on the report will start April 11-12th and the debate on April 18th, 2000.
Prior to these dates we cannot urge the Security Council to adopt the report but to examine it and take relevant action. I thank you.
The Permanent Mission of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations, and with reference to the Final Document of the Movement of the Non-Aligned Countries at the XIII Ministerial Conference held recently in Cartagena in 8 and 9 April 2000, has the honour to convey that the Government of Saudi Arabia, in addition to its oral reservations on paragraphs (136) and (139) entitled "Iraq," would like to make these reservations in writing to the said paragraphs and its amendments.
The Permanent Mission of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of its highest consideration.
The Permanent Mission of Thailand to the United Nations presents its compliments to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations and, with reference to the Permanent Mission of the Republic of South Africa to the United Nations Note No. NAM/521/00 dated 13 April 2000, concerning the XIII Ministerial Conference held in Cartagena during 8 - 9 April 2000, has the honour to convey the Government of Thailands reservations on those paragraphs in the Final Document, which are inconsistent with its foreign policy.
The Permanent Mission of Thailand to the United Nations avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations the assurances of its highest consideration.
The delegation of the Republic of Togo would like to put on the record its reservation concerning the whole paragraph 129 of the Final Document (Doc. NAM/MC/Rev.2).
The delegation of the Republic Togo is not in a position to accept the adoption of the text of the above-mentioned paragraph which urges the United Nations Security council to adopt the report of the Expert Panel on the violations of sanctions in Angola and pass a resolution based on the recommendations contained therein at the very moment when the Council has not yet terminated its consideration of the report.