12. List of Participants
I. The Eleventh Summit of Heads of State or
Government of the Non Aligned Countries was held in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, October
II. It was preceded by a preparatory meeting
at the Ambassadorial/Senior Official level, held October 14-15, and by a preparatory
meeting at the Ministerial level, held October 16-17.
III. The following members of the Movement
attended the Summit:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina
Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Irak,
Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahirya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua,
Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines,
Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa,
Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan,
Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
VI. The following countries national
liberation movements and international organizations attended the Summit as observers:
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, China (People's
Republic), Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Uruguay.
The following organizations and national
liberation movements also attended as observers: Organization of United Nations,
Organizations of African Unity, League of Arab States, Organization of African Unity,
League of Asian People's Solidarity Organization, New Independentist Movement of Puerto
V. The following countries and organizations
attended the Summit as guests:
Australia, Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Dominiacan Republic, Finland, Germany, Greece, Holy See,
Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian
Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine. The following
organizations also attended as guests: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC),
United Nations Special Committee for the Indian Ocean, United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), World Food Programme
(WFP), Secretariat of the Commonwealth, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
(FAO), United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestine
People, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations
Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Special Committee for Reviewing the Situation
regarding Enforcement of the Declaration on Granting Independence to Colonial Countries
and Peoples, World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Institute for Non-Aligned Studies, South
Centre, SELA, G77.
VI. The following countries and organizations
attended as guests of the Government of Colombia:
Japan, the Organization of American States,
the International Labour Organization, Greenpeace, International Islamic Federation of
Student Organizations, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Non-Proliferation.
VII. The following organizations also
The New Agency Pool of the Non-Aligned
VII. The Conference was opened by H.E.
Ernesto Samper Pizano, President of the Republic of Colombia who delivered an outstanding
statement. The new Chairman of the Movement underlined the future goals and objectives to
be pursued within the framework of the Non-Aligned Movement. He reminded that, like
Colombia, the Movement has put the economy at the service of the people and its actions
should aim at eradicating poverty as a matter of priority and urgency. President Samper
also emphasized the need to adopt and alternate development model geared to our peoples'
needs and possibilities, including the urgent need to make free trade become a reality.
Furthermore, the President of Colombia and new leader of the Movement reiterated that the
Movement of Non-Aligned Countries should now be based on cooperation rather than
confrontation, as well as on the quest of world peace. In addition, President Samper
stressed that modernizing does not mean to abandon the principles which inspired the
Movement. In this inspiring statement he reaffirmed that both environmental crisis and the
drug issue concerns us all and that ending drug trafficking is an ethical imperative. He
underscored the Movement's opposition to the arms race which was, in its time, spurred by
the Cold War and registered his conviction on the necessary reform of the United Nations.
President Samper urged to reflect on the need for the South to have the right to objective
information and pluralism in order to define a new identity based on a culture of
tolerance and cooperation. Following a proposal made by the President of Gabon, H.E. El
Hadj Omar Bongo, and seconded by the President of Cyprus, H.E. Glafcos Clérides, the
Conference decided, by acclamation, to incorporate the statement of President Ernesto
Samper Pizano as an official document of the Conference.
VIII. The Heads of State or Government
welcomed Turkmenistan as a new member of the Movement. They also welcomed Ukraine as a
guest of the Movement.